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Somatic symptoms in adolescence as a predictor of severe mental illness in adulthood: A long-term community-based follow-up study

Somatic symptoms are common and costly for society and correlate with sufering and low functioning. Nevertheless, little is known about the long-term implications of somatic symptoms. The objective of this study was to assess if somatic symptoms in adolescents with depression and in their matched controls predict severe mental illness in adulthood by investigating the use of hospital-based care consequent to diferent mental disorders.

1/12/2020 10:59:04 PM +00:00

Hậu quả của bạo lực học đường qua trải nghiệm, đánh giá của học sinh, giáo viên và phụ huynh

Bài viết này bàn về các quan niệm về hậu quả của bạo lực học đường qua trải nghiệm, đánh giá của học sinh, giáo viên và phụ huynh tại trường THPT Hoàng Văn Thái, tỉnh Thái Bình. Kết quả nghiên cứu từ thực địa cho thấy có sự khác biệt trong việc nhìn nhận, đánh giá của các nhóm về hậu quả của bạo lực học đường.

1/12/2020 10:46:29 PM +00:00

In your face: The biased judgement of fearanger expressions in violent offenders

The present study presented morphed fear-anger faces to prison inmates with a history of violent crimes, a history of child sexual abuse, and to matched controls form the general population. Participants performed a fear-anger decision task.

1/12/2020 10:17:35 PM +00:00

Comparison of cognitive functioning as measured by the Ruff Figural Fluency Test and the CogState computerized battery within the LifeLines Cohort Study

The Ruff Figural Fluency Test (RFFT; a pencil and paper test) and the CogState (a computerized cognitive test battery) are well-validated and suitable tests to evaluate cognitive functioning in large observational studies at the population level. The LifeLines Cohort Study includes the RFFT as baseline measurement and incorporated the CogState as replacement for the RFFT at follow-up.

1/12/2020 10:17:15 PM +00:00

A case matched study examining the reliability of using ImPACT to assess effects of multiple concussions

This study starts with a large adolescent population and applies strict inclusion criteria to examine how previous mild traumatic brain injuries affect symptom reports and neurocognitive performance on the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) computerized tool.

1/12/2020 10:16:58 PM +00:00

Expanding protection motivation theory: Investigating an application to animal owners and emergency responders in bushfire emergencies

The purpose of this paper is to explore how PMT can be used and expanded to inform and improve public safety strategies in natural hazards. As global climate change impacts on the Australian environment, natural hazards seem to be increasing in scale and frequency, and Emergency Services’ public education campaigns have necessarily escalated to keep pace with perceived public threat.

1/12/2020 10:16:34 PM +00:00

“These people, you just guide them until they become these people”: Learning to become a frequent indoor tanner

The article thesis is that initial interactions with tanning salon employees transmit insider knowledge that serves to encourage the regular use of indoor tanning beyond experimentation.

1/12/2020 10:16:12 PM +00:00

Disordered eating and emotion dysregulation among adolescents and their parents

Research on the relationships between adolescent and parental disordered eating (DE) and emotion dysregulation is scarce. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore whether mothers’ and fathers’ own DE, as measured by SCOFF questionnaire, and emotion dysregulation, as measured by the difficulties in emotion regulation scale (DERS), were associated with their daughters’ or sons’ DE and emotion dysregulation.

1/12/2020 10:15:56 PM +00:00

The impact of conscientiousness, mastery, and work circumstances on subsequent absenteeism in employees with and without affective disorders

The principal aim of this paper is to examine whether particular personality characteristics that reflect self-governance (conscientiousness and mastery) and work circumstances (demands, control, support) influence the impact of affective disorders on long-term absenteeism (>10 working days).

1/12/2020 10:15:37 PM +00:00

Gender differences in beliefs about health: A comparative qualitative study with Ghanaian and Indian migrants living in the United Kingdom

There is a well-established association between migration to high income countries and health status, with some groups reporting poorer health outcomes than the host population. However, processes that influence health behaviours and health outcomes across minority ethnic groups are complex and in addition, culture ascribes specific gender roles for men and women, which can further influence perspectives of health.

1/12/2020 10:15:20 PM +00:00

Which neural mechanisms mediate the effects of a parenting intervention program on parenting behavior: Design of a randomized controlled trial

The Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) has proven effective in increasing parental sensitivity. However, the mechanisms involved are largely unknown. In a randomized controlled trial we examine parental neurocognitive factors that may mediate the intervention effects on parenting behavior.

1/12/2020 10:14:58 PM +00:00

Relationships between pathologic subjective halitosis, olfactory reference syndrome, and social anxiety in young Japanese women

Pathologic subjective halitosis is known as a halitosis complaint without objective confirmation of halitosis by others or by halitometer measurements; it has been reported to be associated with social anxiety disorder. Olfactory reference syndrome is a preoccupation with the false belief that one emits a foul and offensive body odor. Generally, patients with olfactory reference syndrome are concerned with multiple body parts.

1/12/2020 10:14:41 PM +00:00

A tailored compassion-focused therapy program for sexual minority young adults with depressive symotomatology: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women represent one of the highest-risk populations for depressive symptomatology and disorders, with young LGB adults being at greatest risk. To date, there have been no randomized controlled trials (RCT) to specifically target depressive symptoms in young LGB adults.

1/12/2020 10:14:23 PM +00:00

Patterns of control beliefs in chronic fatigue syndrome: Results of a populationbased survey

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) represents a unique clinical challenge for patients and health care providers due to unclear etiology and lack of specific treatment. Characteristic patterns of behavior and cognitions might be related to how CFS patients respond to management strategies.

1/12/2020 10:14:04 PM +00:00

VREX: An open-source toolbox for creating 3D virtual reality experiments

We present VREX, a free open-source Unity toolbox for virtual reality research in the fields of experimental psychology and neuroscience.

1/12/2020 10:13:47 PM +00:00

Differences in motivation and adherence to a prescribed assignment after face-to-face and online psychoeducation: An experimental study

Adherence to treatment homework is associated with positive outcomes in behavioral psychotherapy but compliance to assignments is still often moderate.

1/12/2020 10:13:25 PM +00:00

The effects of perceived racism on psychological distress mediated by venting and disengagement coping in Native Hawaiians

Studies have linked perceived racism to psychological distress via certain coping strategies in several different racial and ethnic groups, but few of these studies included indigenous populations. Elucidating modifiable factors for intervention to reduce the adverse effects of racism on psychological well-being is another avenue to addressing health inequities.

1/12/2020 10:13:05 PM +00:00

Kidney dysfunction, systemic inflammation and mental well-being in elderly postmyocardial infarction patients

The aim was to investigate whether mild kidney dysfunction and low-grade inflammation in postmyocardial infarction patients are independently associated with markers of mental well-being (i.e. depressive and apathy symptoms, and dispositional optimism).

1/12/2020 10:12:47 PM +00:00

The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Short Form (PID-5-SF): Psychometric properties and association with big five traits and pathological beliefs in a Norwegian population

With the publication of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), an alternative model for personality disorders based on personality dysfunction and pathological personality traits was introduced.

1/12/2020 10:12:26 PM +00:00

Attentional and affective consequences of technology supported mindfulness training: A randomised, active control, efficacy trial

Mindfulness training (MT) programs represent an approach to attention training with well-validated mental health benefits. However, research supporting MT efficacy is based predominantly on weekly-meeting, facilitator-led, group-intervention formats.

1/12/2020 10:12:02 PM +00:00

Preventing the ends from justifying the means: Withholding results to address publication bias in peer-review

The evidence that many of the findings in the published literature may be unreliable is compelling. There is an excess of positive results, often from studies with small sample sizes, or other methodological limitations, and the conspicuous absence of null findings from studies of a similar quality.

1/12/2020 10:11:45 PM +00:00

Prevalence of psychological symptoms among adults with sickle cell disease in Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana

Previous research revealed high prevalence of psychological symptoms among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in the West and Europe. In some Black SCD populations such as Nigeria and Jamaica, anxiety and depression had low prevalence rates compared to Europe.

1/12/2020 10:11:28 PM +00:00

Getting nowhere fast: Trade-off between speed and precision in training to execute image-guided hand-tool movements

The speed and precision with which objects are moved by hand or hand-tool interaction under image guidance depend on a specific type of visual and spatial sensorimotor learning. Novices have to learn to optimally control what their hands are doing in a real-world environment while looking at an image representation of the scene on a video monitor.

1/12/2020 10:11:06 PM +00:00

Intra- and interpersonal emotion regulation and adjustment symptoms in couples: The role of co-brooding and co-reappraisal

Adult emotion regulation is not only occurring within the person but includes strategies that happen in social interactions and that are framed as co-regulating. The current study investigates the role of the interpersonal emotion regulation strategies of co-reappraisal and co-brooding in couples for adjustment disorder symptoms as the disorder will be outlined in the International Classification of Diseases-11 (ICD-11).

1/12/2020 10:10:46 PM +00:00

Habituation of the startle reflex depends on attention in cannabis users

Cannabis use is associated with an attention-dependent deficit in prepulse inhibition of the startle reflex (PPI). The aim of the current study was to investigate startle habituation in cannabis users and healthy controls during two attentional tasks.

1/12/2020 10:10:30 PM +00:00

Effects of a job crafting intervention program on work engagement among Japanese employees: A pretest-posttest study

This study examined the effectiveness of a newly developed job crafting intervention program on work engagement (as primary outcome), as well as job crafting and psychological distress (as secondary outcomes), using a pretest-posttest study design among Japanese employees.

1/12/2020 10:10:12 PM +00:00

Study protocol of an RCT of EMOTION: An indicated intervention for children with symptoms of anxiety and depression

High levels of anxiety and depression are common psychological symptoms among children and adolescents. These symptoms affect young people in multiple life domains and are possible precursors of longterm psychological distress. Despite relatively high prevalence, few children with emotional problems are referred for clinical treatment, indicating the need for systematic prevention.

1/12/2020 10:09:56 PM +00:00

Self-reported quality of life and self-esteem in sad and anxious school children

Anxiety and depressive symptoms are common in childhood, however problems in need of intervention may not be identified. Children at risk for developing more severe problems can be identified based on elevated symptom levels. Quality of life and self-esteem are important functional domains and may provide additional valuable information.

1/12/2020 10:09:35 PM +00:00

Prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms in relation to rural-to-urban migration in India: A cross-sectional study

Migration is a major life event, which may also be a risk factor for depression. However, little is known regarding the relationship between these phenomena in low and middle income settings. This study explores the frequency and severity of depressive symptoms among rural-to-urban migrants compared to permanent rural and to urban residents in India.

1/12/2020 10:09:19 PM +00:00

Improved parenting maintained four years following a brief parent training intervention in a non-clinical sample

The aim of the present study is to evaluate whether the effects of a short, six session version of an evidence-based parent training programme (The Incredible Years), delivered in a non-clinical community sample in the northern Norway, are maintained 4 years following the initial intervention.

1/12/2020 10:08:58 PM +00:00