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Association between fatigue, motivational measures (BIS/BAS) and semi-structured psychosocial interview in hemodialytic treatment

Nowadays there is a growing interest in exploring causes of fatigue symptoms and the possible linked aspects in patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) receiving hemodialysis (HD) treatment. Inflammatory processes were demonstrated to influence motivational systems functioning in chronic conditions.

1/12/2020 8:38:23 PM +00:00

Reality shock in radiography: Fact or fiction findings from a phenomenological study in Durban, South Africa

Globally, the phenomenon of reality shock is a major contributor to the attrition of healthcare professionals. Reality shock negatively impacts on initial workplace transition, productivity, and ultimately, employee retention, hence it is important to ascertain its causative factors so that measures can be taken to mitigate its effects. Relative to other health professions, the field of radiography has been slow in detailing the occurrence of reality shock, and attrition is a major problem affecting the profession.

1/12/2020 8:38:06 PM +00:00

Psychometric properties of the St. Elizabeth Youngstown hospital wellbeing inventory and non-burnout inventory for physicians and nurses

Physicians and nurses have substantial problems with wellbeing and burnout. We examined the reliability and construct validity of a wellbeing inventory (WBI) administered to some physicians and nurses working in St. Elizabeth Youngstown Hospital (SEYH).

1/12/2020 8:37:49 PM +00:00

Anxious or empowered a cross-sectional study exploring how wearable activity trackers make their owners feel

The market for wearable activity trackers has grown prolifically in recent years, with increasing numbers of consumers using them to track, measure, and ideally improve their health and wellbeing. Empirical evidence tends to support wearables as valid, reliable, and effective health behaviour change tools, however little research has been conducted to understand experiential aspects of the devices, particularly thier effects on users’ psychological wellbeing and affect.

1/12/2020 8:37:33 PM +00:00

The extended nervous system: Affect regulation, somatic and social change processes associated with mindful parenting

A theoretical model of mindful parenting has the potential to succinctly summarise its various change processes. The primary aim of this study was to investigate some of the change processes associated with mindful parenting, namely, the affect regulation, somatic and social change processes.

1/12/2020 8:37:11 PM +00:00

Too much time time use and fertilityspecific quality of life among men and women seeking specialty care for infertility

There are known gender differences in the impacts infertility has on quality of life and well-being. Less is known about how infertile couples spend time on fertility-related tasks and associations with quality of life.

1/12/2020 8:36:52 PM +00:00

Mental health and mindfulness amongst Australian fire fighters

While extensive research has highlighted the positive mental health outcomes associated with mindfulness, little work has examined how mindfulness may protect the mental health of first responders exposed to trauma. This is important as there is increasing evidence that mindfulness skills, if protective, can be taught to groups of at-risk workers.

1/12/2020 8:36:33 PM +00:00

Offering mental health first aid to a person with depression: A Delphi study to redevelop the guidelines published in 2008

Depressive disorder is ranked as the largest contributor to non-fatal health burden. However, with prompt treatment, outcomes can improve. Family and friends are well placed to recognise the signs of depression and encourage early help seeking. Guidelines about how members of the public can provide mental health first aid to someone who is experiencing depression were developed in 2008.

1/12/2020 8:36:16 PM +00:00

User perspectives on a psychosocial blended support program for partners of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and progressive muscular atrophy: A qualitative study

Partners are often the main caregivers in the care for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and progressive muscular atrophy (PMA). Providing care during the progressive and fatal disease course of these patients is challenging and many caregivers experience feelings of distress. A blended psychosocial support program based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy was developed to support partners of patients with ALS and PMA

1/12/2020 8:35:55 PM +00:00

“It is like a mind attack”: Stress and coping among urban school-going adolescents in India

Mental health problems are leading contributors to the global disease burden in adolescents. This study aims to highlight (1) salient context-specific factors that influence stress and coping among school-going adolescents across two urban sites in India; and (2) potential targets for preventing mental health difficulties.

1/12/2020 8:35:36 PM +00:00

The relationship between social networking addiction and academic performance in Iranian students of medical sciences: A cross-sectional study

Social networks have had a major influence on students’ performance in recent years. These networks create many opportunities and threats for students in various fields. Addiction to social networking and its impact on students’ academic performance caused the researcher to design and conduct this study.

1/12/2020 8:35:20 PM +00:00

Guideline use among different healthcare professionals in diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Dutch children; who cares

Current data about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Deficiency (ADHD) guideline use in the Netherlands are absent. This study analysed ADHD guideline use among different healthcare workers, and the use of key elements from these guidelines to diagnose ADHD.

1/12/2020 8:35:03 PM +00:00

Monitoring neurocognitive functioning in childhood cancer survivors: Evaluation of CogState computerized assessment and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF)

Many childhood cancer survivors develop neurocognitive impairment, negatively affecting education and psychosocial functioning. Recommended comprehensive neuropsychological testing can be time- and costintensive for both institutions and patients and their families. It is important to find quick and easily administered surveillance measures to identify those in need of evaluation.

1/12/2020 8:34:46 PM +00:00

Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Mental Health Selfmanagement Questionnaire among people with mental illness living in the community

Self-management is an important factor in maintaining and promoting mental health and recovery from mental health challenges. Thus, it is important to assess and support mental health self-management. In this study, we aimed to develop the Japanese version of the Mental Health Self-management Questionnaire (MHSQ-J), a scale to assess mental health self-management strategy, and clarify its psychometric properties among people with mental illness living in Japan.

1/12/2020 8:34:27 PM +00:00

Social anxiety increases visible anxiety signs during social encounters but does not impair performance

Preliminary evidence suggests that impairment of social performance in socially anxious individuals may be specific to selective aspects of performance and be more pronounced in females. This evidence is based primarily on contrasting results from studies using all-male or all-female samples or that differ in type of social behaviour assessed.

1/12/2020 8:34:08 PM +00:00

Interventions designed to reduce implicit prejudices and implicit stereotypes in real world contexts: A systematic review

Implicit biases are present in the general population and among professionals in various domains, where they can lead to discrimination. Many interventions are used to reduce implicit bias. However, uncertainties remain as to their effectiveness.

1/12/2020 8:33:48 PM +00:00

Prevalence of depression and its associated sociodemographic factors among Iranian female adolescents in secondary schools

Across the globe, depression is a common psychiatric disorder and is the main cause of disability among adolescents. To this end, this study was conducted to screen for the prevalence of depression among secondary school female students in the city of Hamadan, in western Iran.

1/12/2020 8:33:28 PM +00:00

Quality of health care with regard to detection and treatment of mental disorders in patients with coronary heart disease (MenDis-CHD): Study protocol

Mental disorders (MD), such as depression, anxiety, and cognitive impairment, are highly prevalent in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Current guidelines on cardiovascular diseases recommend screening and appropriate treatment of MD; however, the degree of implementation of such recommendations in clinical practice is unknown.

1/12/2020 8:33:09 PM +00:00

Impact of parent–adolescent bonding on school bullying and mental health in Vietnamese cultural setting: Evidence from the global school-based health survey

The mental well-being of adolescents is a crucial issue affecting lives of both adults and young people. Bullying and mental health problems are important factors that can have a negative impact on the mental well-being of adolescents. Public awareness of mental health problems among adolescents is rapidly growing in Vietnam. However, current approaches to identifying risk factors influencing mental health problems do not pay attention to potentially protective factors.

1/12/2020 8:32:52 PM +00:00

The General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) as an outcome measurement in a randomized controlled trial in a Norwegian stroke population

Several studies have documented the variety of post-stroke psychosocial challenges, which are complex, multifaceted, and affect a patient’s rehabilitation and recovery. Due to the consequences of these challenges, psychosocial well-being should be considered an important outcome of the stroke rehabilitation. Thus, a valid and reliable instrument that is appropriate for the stroke population is required.

1/12/2020 8:32:35 PM +00:00

Possible relation between consumption of different food groups and depression

Diverse studies have investigated the relationship between diet and depression. In fact some crosssectional studies suggested that a healthy diet reduced the risk for depression. The main objective of this study was to assess the relationship of consumption of different food groups with depression.

1/12/2020 8:32:22 PM +00:00

Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): Factor structure, reliability, and validity

Informed choice is of ethical and practical importance in mammography screening. To assess the level to which decisions regarding such screening are informed is thus imperative, but no specific instrument has been available to measure informed choice in the German mammography screening programme. The aims of this study were to develop the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ) and to find first evidence for the factor structure, reliability and validity of its different components.

1/12/2020 8:32:02 PM +00:00

Pregnancy denial and early infant development: A case-control observational prospective study

The denial of pregnancy is the non-recognition of the state of the current pregnancy by a pregnant woman. It lasts for a few months or for the whole pregnancy, with generally few physical transformations. In this study, we will consider the denial of pregnancy as a late declaration of pregnancy (beyond 20 weeks of gestation) as well as a lack of objective perceptions of this pregnancy.

1/12/2020 8:31:45 PM +00:00

Effects of adding psychosocial stimulation for children of lactating mothers using an unconditional cash transfer platform on neurocognitive behavior of children in rural Bangladesh: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

There is sufficient evidence that psychosocial stimulation (PS) benefits children’s neurocognitive behavior, however, there is no information on how it works when delivered through an Unconditional Cash Transfer (UCT) platform for poor rural population in developing countries. The objective of this study is to measure effects of adding PS for children of lactating mothers enrolled to receive UCT with health education (HE) on neurocognitive behavior of children in rural Bangladesh.

1/12/2020 8:31:31 PM +00:00

The PACE trial of treatments for chronic fatigue syndrome: A response to WILSHIRE et al

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is chronic disabling illness characterized by severe disabling fatigue, typically made worse by exertion. Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is thought by some to be the same disorder (then referred to as CFS/ME) and by others to be different. There is an urgent need to find effective treatments for CFS.

1/12/2020 8:31:16 PM +00:00

Moral orientations in psychology: Contrasting theoretical perspectives

The relational development systems (RDS) metamodel embodies a newly recognized scientific paradigm that stands in contrast to the nature-nurture split. It suggests that the bidirectional relationship between an organism and its environment must be the central focus of scientific inquiry.

1/12/2020 8:30:58 PM +00:00

Exploring the relationship between the big five personality characteristics and dietary habits among students in a Ghanaian University

Adherence to good dietary practices has been linked to disease prevention and better quality of life yet, University students are known to have poor dietary intake and diet quality. For an effective behaviour modification in dietary habits, an understanding of the association between an individual’s personality traits and dietary habits are of much significance.

1/12/2020 8:30:43 PM +00:00

Development of the Japanese version of the three-item loneliness scale

Loneliness is a major risk factor for mental and physical health worldwide. The Three-Item Loneliness Scale (TIL Scale; Hughes et al., 2004) has been widely applied to measure loneliness in a simplified format, but no validated Japanese version has been developed. This study adapted the TIL Scale into Japanese and tested its reliability and validity.

1/12/2020 8:30:27 PM +00:00

Attentional avoidance in peer victimized individuals with and without psychiatric disorders

Attentional biases are a relatively robust phenomenon among clinical populations but less pronounced in healthy participants. However, regarding the components of attentional biases and the directions of attention allocation, there are several inconsistencies in the literature. The present study examined whether these inconsistencies can be traced back to previous experiences of relational peer victimization in clinical populations.

1/12/2020 8:29:59 PM +00:00

The influence of pre-motivational factors on behavior via motivational factors: A test of the I-Change model

The I-Change Model for explaining motivational and behavioral change postulates that an awareness phase precedes the motivation phase of a person, and that effects of pre-motivational factors on behavior are partially mediated by motivational factors. This study tests this assumption with regard to physical activity.

1/12/2020 8:29:40 PM +00:00