Tài liệu miễn phí Tâm lý học

Download Tài liệu học tập miễn phí Tâm lý học

Feasibility study of a familyand school-based intervention for child behavior problems in Nepal

This study evaluates the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a combined school - and familybased intervention, delivered by psychosocial counselors, for children with behavior problems in rural Nepal.

1/12/2020 11:08:20 PM +00:00

Global burden of mental disorders among children aged 5–14 years

The global burden of disease (GBD) study provides information about fatal and non-fatal health outcomes around the world. The objective of this work is to describe the burden of mental disorders among children aged 5–14 years in each of the six regions of the World Health Organisation.

1/12/2020 11:08:03 PM +00:00

Determinants of early child development in rural Tanzania

It has been estimated that more than 200 million children under the age of five do not reach their full potential in cognitive development. Much of what we know about brain development is based on research from high-income countries. There is limited evidence on the determinants of early child development in low-income countries, especially rural sub-Saharan Africa.

1/12/2020 11:07:45 PM +00:00

Treatment expectancy, working alliance, and outcome of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with children and adolescents

It has been shown that positive treatment expectancy (TE) and good working alliance increase psychotherapeutic success in adult patients, either directly or mediated by other common treatment factors like collaboration.

1/12/2020 11:07:26 PM +00:00

Supervision trajectories of male juvenile offenders: Growth mixture modeling on SAVRY risk assessments

Structured risk/need assessment tools are increasingly used to orientate risk reduction strategies with juvenile offenders. The assumption is that the risk/need items on these tools are sufficiently sensitive to measure changes in the individual, family and/or contextual characteristics of juvenile offenders.

1/12/2020 11:07:03 PM +00:00

Disruptive behavior scale for adolescents (DISBA): Development and psychometric properties

Growing evidence indicates that if disruptive behavior is left unidentified and untreated, a significant proportion of these problems will persist and may develop into problems linked with delinquency, substance abuse, and violence.

1/12/2020 11:06:47 PM +00:00

Knowledge transfer: A worldwide challenge in child mental health: A recommendation to the readership of CAPMH concerning the revised version of the IACAPAP Textbook of Child and Adolescent Mental Health

Transfer of knowledge is an important issue throughout all scientific disciplines, especially in the medical and psycho-social feld. The issue of worldwide knowledge transfer in child mental health is one of the aims and goals of the journal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health (CAPMH). The demand for mental health training is high worldwide, and especially in low- to lower-middle income countries, where inadequate access to knowledge resources in the field of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is prevalent.

1/12/2020 11:06:32 PM +00:00

Mental health status, and suicidal thoughts and behaviors of migrant children in eastern coastal China in comparison to urban children: A cross-sectional survey

Although adolescents’ mental health problems and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) have been a serious public health concern worldwide, descriptions of risk factors for SITBs often fail to take migration into account. There are roughly 35.8 million migrant children in China who, with their parents, moved from original rural residence to urban areas.

1/12/2020 11:06:14 PM +00:00

Difficulties faced by university students with self-reported symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A qualitative study

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists into adolescence and adulthood; however, few studies have analyzed the experiences of university students with ADHD. This study explored the difficulties experienced by university students with ADHD symptoms.

1/12/2020 11:05:55 PM +00:00

Body image perceptions and symptoms of disturbed eating behavior among children and adolescents in Germany

Body image distortions such as perception biases are assumed to be precursors of eating disorders (ED). This study aims to investigate body image perceptions and symptoms of disturbed eating behavior among a sample of 11–17 year-old students in Germany.

1/12/2020 11:05:32 PM +00:00

Association between attempted suicide and academic performance indicators among middle and high school students in Mexico: Results from a national survey

Students’ mental health is associated to academic performance. In high income countries, higher students’ grades are related to lower odds of suicidal behaviors, but studies on other indicators of academic performance are more limited, specially in middle income countries.

1/12/2020 11:05:14 PM +00:00

How has the presidential election afected young Americans?

The 2016 presidential election season and subsequent political events have had physical and emotional impacts on youth. We collected qualitative insights from 14 to 24 year olds across the US related to these events over time. Openended probes were sent via text message at three time points before and after the 2016 presidential election.

1/12/2020 11:05:00 PM +00:00

Mobilizing agencies for incidence surveys on child maltreatment: Successful participation in Switzerland and lessons learned

Many countries around the world lack data on the epidemiology of agency response to child maltreatment. They therefore lack information on how many children in need get help and protection or if children stand equal chances across regions to get services. However, it has proven difficult to commit child protection agencies to participation in incidence studies.

1/12/2020 11:04:41 PM +00:00

Psychosocial problems in traumatized refugee families: Overview of risks and some recommendations for support services

This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information con‑ tained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well.

1/12/2020 11:04:21 PM +00:00

Quality of life, delinquency and psychosocial functioning of adolescents in secure residential care: Testing two assumptions of the Good Lives Model

In this study, two assumptions derived from the Good Lives Model were examined: whether subjective Quality of Life is related to delinquent behaviour and psychosocial problems, and whether adolescents with adequate coping skills are less likely to commit delinquent behaviour or show psychosocial problems.

1/12/2020 11:04:01 PM +00:00

Lifetime and past-year prevalence of children’s exposure to violence in 9 Balkan countries: The BECAN study

Children’s exposure to violence is a major public health issue. The Balkan epidemiological study on Child Abuse and Neglect project aimed to collect internationally comparable data on violence exposures in childhood.

1/12/2020 11:03:38 PM +00:00

CAPMH health-related quality of life among adolescent psychiatric outpatients: A 12-month follow-up study among 12–14-year-old Finnish boys and girls

Little is known about adolescents’ perceptions about their health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the course of routine adolescent psychiatric treatment. The aim of this 1-year follow-up study was to investigate HRQoL and changes in it among youths receiving adolescent psychiatric outpatient treatment.

1/12/2020 11:03:20 PM +00:00

Gender-specific substance use patterns and associations with individual, family, peer, and school factors in 15-year-old Portuguese adolescents: A latent class regression analysis

Adolescence is a critical period of vulnerability to substance use. Recent research has shown that gender differences in adolescence substance use are complex and in constant fux. The present study aims to investigate gender differences in substance use and initiation patterns in male and female adolescents, and to assess individual, family, peer, and school associated factors of these patterns.

1/12/2020 11:02:59 PM +00:00

Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder among targets of school bullying

The aim of this study was to investigate whether bullying among students is associated with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and whether associations are comparable to other traumatic events leading to PTSD.

1/12/2020 11:02:41 PM +00:00

Cannabis and amphetamine use and its psychosocial correlates among school-going adolescents in Ghana

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of cannabis and amphetamine use and to determine its associated factors among school-going adolescents in Ghana.

1/12/2020 11:02:26 PM +00:00

A pilot and feasibility study of a cognitive behavioural therapy-based anxiety prevention programme for junior high school students in Japan: A quasi-experimental study

There is a good deal of evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy is effective for children and adolescents with anxiety-related problems. In Japan, an anxiety prevention programme based on cognitive behavioural therapy called ‘Journey of the Brave’ has been developed, and it has been demonstrated to be effective for elementary school students (aged 10–11 years).

1/12/2020 11:02:05 PM +00:00

Incidence of depressive symptoms among sexually abused children in Kenya

Children who experience sexual abuse undergo various negative psychosocial outcomes such as depressive symptoms. Unfortunately, not many studies have been conducted on the incidence of depressive symptoms among sexually abused children in Kenya. This study sought to ascertain the incidence of depressive symptoms among children who have experienced sexual abuse in Kenya.

1/12/2020 11:01:49 PM +00:00

Mental health and associated stress factors in accompanied and unaccompanied refugee minors resettled in Germany: A cross-sectional study

Studies throughout Europe have shown that asylum-seeking children and adolescents (ASC) are at risk of developing mental disorders. The most common mental-health problems in ASC include posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), internalizing symptoms such as depression and anxiety, and externalizing behaviour.

1/12/2020 11:01:31 PM +00:00

The relationship between the psychological stress of adolescents in school and the prevalence of chronic low back pain: A cross-sectional study in China

Accumulating evidence supports an association between an unhealthy mental state and low back pain (LBP). However, the degree of the association between mental health and chronic low back pain (CLBP) in the general population is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence of CLBP in Chinese college students and to examine the association between students’ unhealthy mental states and the prevalence of CLBP.

1/12/2020 11:01:15 PM +00:00

Utilizing a family-based economic strengthening intervention to improve mental health wellbeing among female adolescent orphans in Uganda

This paper examines the effect of participating in a family-based economic strengthening intervention on the mental health well-being of female adolescent orphans impacted by HIV/AIDS in rural Uganda.

1/12/2020 11:01:00 PM +00:00

Looking into the crystal ball: Quality of life, delinquency, and problems experienced by young male adults after discharge from a secure residential care setting in the Netherlands

Adolescents in residential care are a vulnerable population with many problems in several life areas. For most of these adolescents, these problems persist after discharge and into adulthood. Since an accumulation of risk factors in multiple domains increases the likelihood of future adverse outcomes, it would be valuable to investigate whether there are differences in life after residential care between subgroups based on multiple co-occurring risk factors.

1/12/2020 11:00:39 PM +00:00

Developing the universal unifed prevention program for diverse disorders for school-aged children

Psychological problems during childhood and adolescence are highly prevalent, frequently comorbid, and incur severe social burden. A school-based universal prevention approach is one avenue to address these issues.

1/12/2020 11:00:15 PM +00:00

Mental health problems of children and adolescents, with and without migration background, living in Vienna, Austria

Compared to their indigenous peers, migrant children and adolescents are at increased risk for mental health problems. The aim of our study was to compare psychological disorders of children and adolescents with Turkish migration background and their native Austrian peers.

1/12/2020 10:59:57 PM +00:00

The efects of comorbid Tourette symptoms on distress caused by compulsive-like behavior in very young children: A cross-sectional study

Many children 4 to 6 years old exhibit compulsive-like behavior, often with comorbid Tourette symptoms, making this age group critical for investigating the effects of having comorbid Tourette symptoms with compulsive-like behavior.

1/12/2020 10:59:42 PM +00:00

Goal setting improves retention in youth mental health: A cross-sectional analysis

This study explored if a youth-specific mental health service routinely set goals with young people during initial intake/assessment and if goal setting and goal quality in this service was associated with patient retention.

1/12/2020 10:59:25 PM +00:00