Tài liệu miễn phí Sức khỏe trẻ em
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Tài liệu trình bày chế độ ăn cho bệnh tiêu chảy cấp; chế độ ăn cho trẻ suy dinh dưỡng; chế độ ăn cho bệnh nhiễm khuẩn; bệnh không phải ăn kiêng; thực đơn cho một số bệnh thường gặp ở người lớn...
7/8/2020 9:24:44 PM +00:00
Bài viết phân tích thực trạng và các yếu tố tác động đến việc cho trẻ ăn bổ sung trong giai đoạn 7-24 tháng tuổi ở một số tỉnh và thành phố ở Việt Nam.
7/8/2020 6:39:56 PM +00:00
Lower respiratory tract infections are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. Several viruses can cause bronchiolitis. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza viruses (PIV), influenza type A, adenovirus and human metapneumovirus (HMPV) are some of the common viruses found in hospital studies. This study aimed to study the molecular diagnosis of HPMV infections by using a realtime, reverse-transcriptase PCR assay and the evaluation of its prevalence among Egyptian infants clinically diagnosed with acute viral bronchiolitis. Also to detect other common respiratory viruses and determine the presence of coinfections of HPMV and other respiratory viruses, we tested the presence of common respiratory tract viruses by using immunofluorescence respiratory screen test in 50 Egyptian infants diagnosed with acute bronchitis and also screened the tested samples for the presence of HMPV by using realtime RT PCR. Our results revealed that 16% of the cases were positive for HMPV, 76% were positive for the other tested common respiratory tract viruses and 12% showed coinfection.
7/8/2020 6:23:11 PM +00:00
To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites among school children belonged to different communities from urban, peri-urban and rural areas in Khurda district, Odisha, India. Stool samples were collected from the school children according to the standard procedures. All the stool samples were examined by the direct microscopic examination and by the formalin - ether concentration methods. A total of 1114 stool specimen were collected from different schools in 1995.
7/8/2020 5:41:53 PM +00:00
Blood stream infections are very common in the pediatric age group and these are one of the common causes of morbidity and mortality in neonates and children. In developing countries, the rate of blood stream infections in children is about 20– 50% and it is estimated that one in five neonates is suffering from and blood infection. The present study was undertaken to determine the etiological agents causing blood stream infection and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns in pediatric patients.
7/8/2020 5:38:03 PM +00:00
Human bocavirus (HBoV) was first identified as parvovirus in 2005 in nasopharyngeal aspirates of children with lower respiratory tract infection. The objectives of this study were to determine HBoV as a cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection(ALRTI) in children by investigating the presence of HBoV DNA, to evaluate diagnostic efficiency of HBov IgM assay in the serum of the studied patients and to assess the impact of the viral load on the clinical manifestations of children with positive HBoV DNA samples. We investigated 123-nasopharyngeal aspirate samples of hospitalized children with ALRTI by Real-time PCR for detection of HBoV DNA and estimating its viral load. Estimation of immunoglobulin M (IgM) by ELISA in patient’s serum samples was another method used for diagnosis of HBoV infection. There were 19 patients with positive nasopharyngeal aspirate samples by PCR among them there were 16 serum samples positive for HBoV IgM by ELISA (sensitivity was 84.2%). Longer hospital stay and severe ALRTI signs were detected in children samples with high viral load (16 samples).
7/8/2020 4:24:17 PM +00:00
Bifidobacteria species (spp.) is common component of normal gut flora. In recent years there are evidences that changes in these species may be associated with asthma in children. The aim of the present study was to study the various components of Bifidobacterium species by culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from the stool from children with bronchial asthma compared to healthy children.
7/8/2020 3:45:02 PM +00:00
Caries is a chronic disease that progresses slowly and is characterized by localized and irreversible destruction of the tooth. The microbial community of dental caries with many of the facultatively and obligately anaerobic bacteria, Lactobacillus have been consistently associated with dental caries for decades. The aim of this study was the isolation and characterization of Lactobacillus species, which are commonly present on the surface of dental caries of children.
7/8/2020 3:42:43 PM +00:00
Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem in pediatric urology as nonselective use of prophylaxis, and poor empiric prescribing practices. The feacal reservoir provides optimal conditions for the transmission of resistance genes within and between bacterial species as gut is exposed to large number of bacteria.
7/8/2020 3:26:43 PM +00:00
This study is undertaken with the objectives, to find the practices of health and hygiene among school children in Mangalore city and to compare the practices on health and hygiene between Government, Private and Aided school children.
7/8/2020 11:45:47 AM +00:00
Research characteristics of immunologic markersin pediatric all with genetic mutation in national institute of hematology and blood transfusion from 2016 to 2018.
6/18/2020 3:41:00 PM +00:00
Bacterial infections caused by multidrug resistant bacteria (MDR) are a constant challenge for physicians throughout the world. We processed 451 clinical samples (blood, urine, pus and body fluids) from pediatric patients during the period of July’11 to Oct’11 in Sassoon General Hospital, Pune. Objective is to identify the bacterial isolates from different clinical specimens and study their antibiotics susceptibility pattern. Bacterial infections could be detected in 155 (34.4%) patients. These bacteria were isolated from blood (61%), urine (23%), pus (14%) and body fluid (2%). 64.6% of the infections were from the ward and 35.5% from NICU. 88.4% were gram negative bacilli and 11.7% were gram positive cocci.
6/18/2020 3:32:51 PM +00:00
Bài viết nghiên cứu tiến cứu được thực hiện tại Bệnh viện Trung ương Huế. Bệnh nhi ≤ 2 tuổi vào viện với triệu chứng tắc ruột, được chẩn đoán xác định lồng ruột cấp bằng siêu âm bụng. Một số trường hợp đặc biệt sẽ chỉ định chụp X-quang bụng hoặc cắt lớp vi tính. Bệnh nhân được ưu tiên chỉ định tháo lồng bằng hơi, nếu thất bại sẽ chuyển sang tháo lồng bằng phẫu thuật.
6/18/2020 3:14:31 PM +00:00
Bài viết xác định mô hình bệnh tật trẻ em từ 1-16 tuổi đến khám và điều trị tại Khoa Nhi, Bệnh viện Trung ương Huế cơ sở 2 từ 1/1/2017 đến 31/10/2019. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo bài viết để nắm chi tiết hơn nội dung nghiên cứu.
6/18/2020 3:13:56 PM +00:00
Bài viết đánh giá tình trạng dinh dưỡng của bệnh nhi ung thư mới dưới 5 tuổi; nghiên cứu mô tả cắt ngang, tiến cứu từ 9/2016 đến 9/2017 tại khoa Ung bướu, Bệnh viện Nhi Trung ương.
6/18/2020 3:13:49 PM +00:00
Bài viết tiến hành khảo sát đặc điểm và đánh giá kết quả điều trị u nguyên bào gan (UNBG) ở trẻ em tại Bệnh viện Nhi Đồng 2 từ tháng 1/2011 đến hết tháng 5/2019.
6/18/2020 3:12:53 PM +00:00
Tim ba buồng nhĩ trái là một loại dị tật tim bẩm sinh hiếm gặp với tâm nhĩ trái được chia thành 2 buồng khác nhau bởi một màng ngăn xơ cơ bất thường, có lỗ nối thông hai buồng với nhau với các mức độ tắt nghẽn khác nhau. Trong 7 năm từ 2012 đến 2019, chúng tôi gặp 5 trường hợp trẻ em bị bệnh tim ba buồng nhĩ trái. Tất cả vào viện trong tình trạng khó thở, tiếng T2 mạnh, không nghe tiếng thổi. Các bệnh nhân được chẩn đoán xác định chính xác bằng siêu âm Doppler tim màu và được phẫu thuật thành công.
6/18/2020 3:12:32 PM +00:00
Blood stream infection is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity of pediatric patients. Early detection of etiological agents and initiation of appropriate antibiotic therapy is utmost important for better prognosis and survival of such patients. BACTEC 9050 culture method is more sensitive than conventional blood culture method for detection of infection in respect to culture positivity rate and early detection.
6/18/2020 12:10:24 PM +00:00
The aim of this study is to compare the levels of TNF-α in children with nephrotic syndrome and healthy control children and the correlation of TNF-α with clinical feature of NS. Fifty children with NS were divided into four groups: 14 steroid sensitive infrequent relapse (SSIFR), 12 steroid sensitive frequent relapse (SSFR), 9 steroid resistance (SR) and 15 newly diagnosis (ND) compared to twenty-five unrelated healthy children. The serum IL-13 levels for NS patients and healthy control children were measured by R&D quantitative ELISA kit. Serum levels of TNF-α showed highly significant difference between patients with NS (15.68 ± 2.38pg/ml) and healthy control (1.066 ± 0.65pg/ml), and there is no significant different among NS groups. Highly significant correlation between TNF-α mean level and biochemical markers of NS patients also reported in this study.
6/18/2020 11:13:37 AM +00:00
India is home to one-third of the world‘s undernourished children. According to the third National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), one-third of Indian children are born with low birth weight, 45 percent of children below three years of age are stunted, 23 percent are wasted, and 40 percent are underweight. Nutrition Sensitive Agriculture is the Interventions or programmes that address the underlying determinants of fetal and child nutrition and development— food security; adequate care giving resources at the maternal, household and community levels; and access to health services and a safe and hygienic environment—and incorporate specific nutrition goals and actions.
6/18/2020 11:12:11 AM +00:00
Under nutrition is a major public health problem among school children. Adequate nutrition is critical for optimal growth and health development of children. To assess the nutritional health of rural tribal 6-12 years school going children of Khowai district, Tripura. The sample for the present cross sectional study was conducted in three schools (Sukhiabari Jr. B School, R.S Colony Sr. B School and Kalidas Debbarma Smriti Sr. B School) rural based primary and Sr. B School of Khowai district, Tripura, in India. Total of 155 students (78 boys and 77 girls) of aged 6-12 years were participated in the study. The sample was selected by cluster random sampling method.
6/18/2020 11:06:17 AM +00:00
Temperament is an individual's innate style of responding to the environment in both behavioural and emotional ways. Hisar district of Haryana state was selected for the present study. From Hisar district village Dobhi was selected purposively. 50 boys and 50 girls in the age group of 6 to 8 years were selected randomly from village Dobhi.
6/18/2020 11:01:27 AM +00:00
Anemia is the major nutritional problem observed in girls during adolescence, affecting growth and development and increasing their vulnerability to unproductive. Adolescence is the crucial time for improving their attitude levels towards good nutritional practices and knowledge levels. The present study is a Community based intervention study conducted with adolescents (150 control and 150 experimental) aged 13-17 years, through health and nutrition education intervention for a period of 4 months on KAP scores and hemoglobin level status.
6/18/2020 10:58:09 AM +00:00
Phòng bệnh và đảm bảo an toàn cho trẻ: Phần 2 trình bày một số bệnh thường gặp ở trẻ em, cấp cứu ngừng thở, giáo dục trẻ em phòng tránh một số tai nạn, thuốc và cách sử dụng một số thuốc thường dùng cho trẻ em. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.
6/18/2020 10:32:24 AM +00:00
Tài liệu Phòng bệnh và đảm bảo an toàn là tài liệu học tập giúp cho sinh viên ngành học mầm non có những tri thức về một số bệnh ở trẻ em, những kỹ năng chăm sóc và xử lý ban đầu khi trẻ mắc bệnh hoặc bị tai nạn ở trường mầm non. Tài liệu còn đáp ứng nhu cầu đào tạo giáo viên mầm non theo chương trình đổi mới chăm sóc giáo dục trẻ của Bộ Giáo dục và Đào tạo.
6/18/2020 10:32:17 AM +00:00
The objective of this study was to evaluate prevalence of parasitic infection among school children and their association with socio- demographic, environmental and behavioral habits of school children. The specimen was selected randomly. This study was conduct among 250 children (6-15 years of age) from the above school. Stool sample were collected and brought immediately to the microbiology laboratory at department of microbiology for processing. The specimens were examined by both macroscopically and microscopically for the presence of parasite. Parasitological standard examination methods were followed. Out of total 250 stool sample was collected from school children in this study, 160 were male and 90 were female.
6/18/2020 9:08:10 AM +00:00
Mental health is important for individuals, especially children. The importance of healthy mental and physical development for children cannot be overemphasized. The consequences of poor mental health in childhood extend into adulthood, increasing the likelihood of low educational achievement, criminality and violence, adult mental disorder, unhealthy lifestyles and the risk of ill health.
6/18/2020 6:39:40 AM +00:00
The aim of this study was to identify the parasitic infection and the associated allergic condition by studying the stool samples of the wheezing children and to correlate, the total serum IgE antibody levels in those children. Further to study the type of parasites commonly involved in these rural area.
6/18/2020 5:10:53 AM +00:00
Measles, an acute viral illness caused by a virus belonging to the family Paramyxoviridae, is a vaccine-preventable disease. Children’s between 9 months and 12 years of age are mostly affected and presents with fever and maculopapularrash. Despite the national immunization program, measles virus infection is common in India. Objectives of the study are 1. To study the suspected cases of measles virus infection with high fever and characteristic rashes, among children. 2. To detect antibody levels against measles virus by ELISA IgM and IgG.
6/18/2020 5:08:18 AM +00:00
Involvement of central nervous system is severe and sometimes fatal. One of the events responsible for meningitis to occur is how microbes cross the blood brain barrier and gets access to central nervous system. The present study is about a newborn suffering from a rare cause of meningitis i.e. Salmonella, which on early diagnosis and treatment get cured.
6/18/2020 4:53:28 AM +00:00