- Hanoi Open University
Faculty of Tourism
Subject: The leaning tower of Pisa
Student: Nguyễn Bảo Ngọc
Nguyễn Thị Ngân
- INTRODUCTION :
Many lists of wonders of
the world are said to have existed
during the Middle Ages, although
it is unlikely that these lists
originated at that time because
the word medieval was not even
invented until the Enlightenment-
era, and the concept of a Middle
Age did not become popular until
the 16th century. Brewer's refers
to them as "later lists" suggesting
the lists were created after the
Many of the structures on these lists were built much earlier than the
Medieval Ages, but were well known. These lists go by names such as
Wonders of the Middle Ages (implying no specific limitation to seven),
Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages, Medieval Mind and Architectural
Wonders of the Middle Ages.
Typically representative of the seven greatest wonder of the Medieval
Mind are: Stonehenge, the Colosseum, the Catacombs of Kom el Soqafa,
the Great Wall of China, the porcelain tower of Nanjing, the Hagia Sophia
and The leaning tower of Pisa.
When a person thinks of Italy’s medieval architectures, two images
come to mind. One is The Colosseum and the other is The leaning tower of
Pisa. Any visit to Italy would not be complete without a trip to see The
leaning tower that is one of symbols of Italy. The Leaning Tower of Pisa or
simply The Tower of Pisa is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, of
the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa. It is situated behind the cathedral
and is the third oldest structure in Pisa's Piazza del Duomo (Cathedral
- Square) after the cathedral and the baptistery. By this assignment, we’ll
show you all the things we know about this World Wonder.
- 1. BODY
2.1. Italy, where the leaning tower of Pisa is located:
Let’s take a look at Italy, the country where the Wonder located.
Italy is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe. This country is
subdivided into 20 regions. Five of these regions have a special
autonomous status that enables them to enact legislation on some of their
local matters. In October 2007, the Italian population surpassed 59.7
million. Italy currently has the 23rd largest population worldwide. Italy is
one of the most popular destinations on the tourist trail, known for its
exquisite fashion, historical buildings and its fabulous food.
2.2. The leaning tower of Pisa:
Come back to our Wonder. The Tower of Pisa is the bell tower of the
Cathedral. Its construction began in the August of 1173 and continued
(with two long interruptions) for about two hundred years, in full fidelity to
the original project. The tower began to sink after construction progressed
to the third floor in 1178. This was due to a mere three-meter foundation,
set in weak, unstable subsoil. This means the design was flawed from the
beginning. Construction was subsequently halted for almost a century,
because the Pisans were almost continually engaged in battles with Genoa,
Lucca and Florence. This allowed time for the underlying soil to settle.
Otherwise, the tower would almost certainly have toppled. In 1198, clocks
were temporarily installed on the third floor of the unfinished construction.
In 1272, construction resumed under Giovanni di Simone, architect of the
Camposanto. In an effort to compensate for the tilt, the engineers built
higher floors with one side taller than the other. This made the tower begin
to lean in the other direction. Because of this, the tower is actually curved.
Construction was halted again in 1284, when the Pisans were defeated by
the Genoans in the Battle of Meloria. The seventh floor was completed in
1319. The bell-chamber was not finally added until 1372. It was built by
- Tommaso di Andrea Pisano, who succeeded in harmonizing the Gothic
elements of the bell-chamber with the Romanesque style of the tower.
The Tower of Pisa was built to show the rest of the world the wealth
of the city of Pisa. The people of Pisa were very good sailors and they
conquered many lands, including Jerusalem, Carthago, Ibiza, Mallorca,
Africa, Belgium, Britania, Norway, Spain, Morocco, and other places. But
they had only one real enemy, the people from Florence. And to show how
well they were doing they started to build a really useless bell-tower to go
with the rest of the buildings near it - the Cathedral, Baptistery, and
There has been controversy about the real identity of the architect of
the Leaning Tower of Pisa. For many years, the design was attributed to
Guglielmo and Bonanno Pisano , a well-known 12th century resident artist
of Pisa, famous for his bronze casting, particularly in the Pisa Duomo.
Bonanno Pisano left Pisa in 1185 for Monreale, Sicily, only to come back
and die in his home town. His sarcophagus was discovered at the foot of
the tower in 1820. However recent studies seem to indicate Diotisalvi as
the original architect due to the time of construction and affinity with other
Diotisalvi works, notably the bell tower of San Nicola (Pisa) and the
Baptistery in Pisa. However, he usually signed his works and there is no
signature by him in the bell tower which leads to further speculation.
2.3. Stories associated with The leaning tower of Pisa
Galileo Galilei is said to have dropped two cannon balls of different
masses from the tower to demonstrate that their speed of descent was
independent of their mass. This is considered an apocryphal tale, and the
only source for it comes from Galileo's secretary. During World War II, the
Allies discovered that the Nazis were using it as an observation post. A
U.S. Army sergeant was briefly entrusted with the fate of the tower and his
decision not to call in an artillery strike saved the tower from destruction.
2.4. The leaning tower of Pisa tourism:
- Pisa attracts bus after bus of tourists every day of the year to see its
most famous attraction. The Leaning Tower of Pisa has become an Italian
symbol, much like Pizza and Pavarotti! The city has put a lot of effort into
the tower and it is again safe to visit.
Both because of its inclination, and its beauty, from 1173 up to the
present the Tower has been the object of very special attention. The
quantity of tourists visit every year can show that how it is fascinating.
There are seven bells, one for each note of the musical scale. when the
tourists come here. They can see the tower both from outside both from
inside. By the way, they‘ll watch all of the bell-chamber of the leaning
tower, then they can see all the square which is called Piazza de Miracoli
(Square of Miracles). The square, besides the tower, is composed by the
Baptistery, the Cathedral (Duomo) and the Cemetery (Camposanto). It is
called Square of Miracles because in such a small place there are 4
Tourists can see the whole square for free but if they want to enter in
the monuments they have to pay a ticket, except for the Cathedral which is
still the main church of Pisa. Bookings are essential and only 30 people can
go up per half hour so make your booking and be on time! Pisa can be hot
and crowded in summer, especially in the area around the cathedral and
tower. Many of the tourists come for the day only so if you're visiting in
high season, you might want to spend the night and enjoy the sites in the
morning or evening. Spring and fall are the most pleasant times to visit
- 2. CONCLUSION:
Many people may be surprised to hear that the tilt is actually
intentional, after architects concluded that the stories of the accidental tilt
were most probably just that stories. Accidental or not, the fact remains
that it is one of the most beautiful, unique buildings in the world, a view
shared by the Italian government who spent $80 million on restoration in
the early nineties. What makes The leaning tower as one of the best
romantic place in Italy is its remarkable past and legend pertaining to
lovers visiting it. They say most lovers would have happy relationship if
they wish at the tower of Pisa. Well it is up to you to believe it or not, but
the tower of Pisa is really a best romantic place not only because of its
stories but also because of its extraordinary beauty.
After this assignment, we realize that we have some advantages. At
first, by searching, collecting information about The leaning tower of Pisa,
we can get many useful knowledge about this World Wonder, about
sightseeing around there. Further is about Italy. Now we know that Italy is
home to the greatest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites to date.
The second, internet is a popular service nowadays. So that we can easily
use it to search information from all over the world no matter where we
are. And I can learn how to work with my partner to finish this assignment.
We have not only advantages but also difficulties. Because we have
never been to Italy or Pisa city before. So that I think the feeling is not as
much as when touch to the leaning tower directly. It is a small difficult
when doing this assignment. In my opinion, this research based on
grammatical rather than practical for us, since we will have to use
information from Google, books, researching....
The main sources: http://en.wikipedia.org
- 3. RECOMMENDATION:
This is the first assignment we do so that we don’t have much experience.
And also is the first time we research about this topic too. Absolutely, we‘ll
get some errors in this presentation. Although having difficulties during
complete assignment, we tried our best. Than we give you some
suggestions for you to complete this assignment more effective:
• You should read more and more documents from other students,
consult ideas from sophomore, junior students, senior students or
• Using internet to get information. Then select the best reliable
information as possible as you can
• Make detailed notes for each part. Follow your notes and decide
which things to includes and which to exclude
• If you get any problem that can’t be solve, you can ask the local
people to find out the answer. Such as, if your assignment is about
The Colosseum,u can ask the Italian the thing you don’t know.
• We express again that every effort to complete the assignment is not
useless because it not only helps you discover more about the
famous sightseeing but also helps you get good mark.
This exercise is our attempt to the fullest. We hope that we provide you the
bare necessary information to understand what we researched. we look
forward to the feedback dedicated and sincere of you. Thank you for
spending time to read ours.
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