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Strengthening WHO`s Institutional Capacity for Humanitarian Health Action A Five-Year Programme 2009-2013 1 2 Table of Contents Executive summary..................................................................................5 Introduction...............................................................................................6 Historical Background.........................................................................................................6 WHO`s Emergency Functions.............................................................................................6 Response and recovery...............................................................................................................6 Risk reduction and emergency preparedness .............................................................................7 Humanitarian Reform and the Health Cluster.....................................................................7 Three-Year Programme to Enhance WHO`s Performance in Crises..................................7 Programme Evaluations .....................................................................................................8 Lessons Learnt...................................................................................................................8 International Framework for WHO`s Emergency Work.......................................................9 Global level...................................................................................................................................9 Regional level...............................................................................................................................9 Country level................................................................................................................................9 Strategy for 2009-2013...........................................................................10 Priority-setting...................................................................................................................10 Strategic Planning Framework of WHO`s Medium Term Strategic Plan...........................10 Planning Framework.........................................................................................................11 Working Methods..............................................................................................................12 Activities and Milestones........................................................................14 Pillar 1: Support to Countries Responding to or Recovering from Crises.........................14 Implement the Health Cluster approach in all priority countries ................................................14 Strengthen health information and operational intelligence.......................................................15 Enhance response and recovery capacity.................................................................................17 Pillar 2: Strengthening the Health Emergency Management Capacity of Countries at Risk ...........................................................................................20 Support the development of health risk reduction, emergency preparedness and response capacities in countries most at risk .....................................................................20 Support community-based best practices in emergency preparedness and risk reduction ......21 Provide baseline information on health risks, health risk reduction and emergency preparedness ...................................................................................................22 Build emergency preparedness knowledge and skills through training, guidance, research and information services.............................................................................................23 Strengthen the Core Enabling Factors that Underpin WHO`s Emergency Work.......................24 Planned Expenditures and Required Resources ...................................26 Current Funding Arrangements........................................................................................26 Planned Expenditures.......................................................................................................26 Resources Required between 2009 and 2013 .................................................................26 Annexes .................................................................................................27 Annex 1: Final evaluation of the Three Year Programme to Enhance WHO`s Performance in Crises...................................................................................................27 Annex 2: Organization-Wide Expected Results.........................................................................31 Annex 3: Countries using the cluster approach.........................................................................33 Annex 4: Generic terms of reference for sector leads at the country level................................34 Annex 5: Budget tables..............................................................................................................36 Annex 6: Stakeholder analysis...................................................................................................37 Annex 7: SWOT analysis...........................................................................................................39 Acronyms and Abbreviations..................................................................41 3 4 Executivesummary WHO’s emergency work is carried out under the overall framework of Strategic Objective 5 (SO5) of its Medium-Term Strategic Plan (MTSP) for 2008-2013. SO5 seeks to "reduce the health consequences of emergencies, disasters, crises and conflicts, and minimize their social and economic impact". Limited resources, increasing numbers of natural disasters, protracted armed conflicts and post-conflict transitions, as well as the new humanitarian challenges from climate change and the global food and financial crises, make it essential for WHO to strengthen its capacity in order to assist and protect vulnerable, affected people and those humanitarian actors who help them. The following pages set out WHO`s strategic planning framework for building such institutional capacity so the priorities for health action in crises for the period 2009-2013 can be implemented. The framework and priorities are based on the recommendations of the many evaluations of WHO`s work and the lessons learned from the 2006-2007 biennium.1 Priority objectives, activities and milestones for strengthening WHO`s Institutional capacity for Humanitarian Health Action have been grouped under two pillars. Pillar 1 (support to countries responding to or recovering from crises) brings together two closely intertwined strands. One strand aims to improve collaboration with partners and consolidate the cluster approach. The other seeks to improve WHO`s internal readiness and performance and its warning, response and recovery work, particularly at country level. Pillar 2 (strengthening the health emergency management capacity of countries at risk) aims to strengthen our emergency preparedness programmes to help Member States assess and map vulnerabilities and risks and, from there, identify strategies to reduce vulnerability, improve risk reduction measures and strengthen emergency preparedness programmes based on an all-hazard/multi-sectoral/whole-health approach. Funds for WHO’s emergency work can be separated into two distinct components. For specific crises, voluntary contributions come from several sources, including Appeals and grants from the Central Emergency Response Fund. The rest of WHO`s work, including the Health Cluster and WHO’s institutional capacity building programme – the core activities that underpin its humanitarian health work – is funded from both assessed and voluntary contributions (or `donations`). This second component is severely under-funded, and requires support from partners in order to reach required levels of capacity and readiness. WHO is appealing to donors to redress the funding imbalance between these two components by contributing flexible funding to the institutional strengthening programme presented in this document. 1 WHO Performance Assessment Report for 2006-2007 5 ... - tailieumienphi.vn