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11 Sample Test ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ This chapter provides pointers to help you to prepare for the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam, including how to choose proper answers, how to decode ambiguity, how to work within the Cisco testing framework, how to decide what you need to memorize, and what to expect before, during, and after the exam.After presenting exam pointers, this chapter supplies a 100-question sample test devised to quiz you on subject matter related to Cisco CCIE Routing and Switching written exam 350-001. You’ll find the answers to the sample test in Chapter 12. When you take the sample test, try to simulate the actual testing environ-ment. In other words, find a quiet spot, allow yourself two hours to com-plete the sample test, and answer all the sample test questions before comparing your responses to the correct answers listed in Chapter 12. Reviewing your answers will help you to identify your strengths and weak-nesses in various topic areas. But first, before you jump ahead to the sample test, take a few moments to review the next few sections. 1 2 Chapter 11 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ Questions, Questions, Questions There should be no doubt in your mind that you’re facing a test full of specific and pointed questions.The version of the CCIE Routing and Switching written exam you’ll take is a fixed-length exam.The exam will include 100 multiple choice questions, and passing marks are set by using statistical analysis and are subject to change.You’ll be allotted 120 minutes to complete it. Always take the time to read a question at least twice before selecting an answer, and always look for any network diagrams or figures as you examine each question. Network diagrams include graphical information that’s related to a question. Not every question has only one answer; many questions require multiple an-swers.Therefore, you need to read each question carefully to determine how many answers are necessary or possible and to look for additional hints or instructions when selecting answers. Such instructions often occur in brackets immediately following the question itself (as they do for all multiple-choice, multiple-answer questions). Unfortunately, some questions do not have any right answers and you’re forced to find the “most correct” choice. Picking Proper Answers Obviously, the only way to pass any exam is to select enough of the right answers to obtain a passing score. However, Cisco’s exams are not standardized like the SAT and GRE exams; they’re far more diabolical and convoluted. In some cases, questions are strangely worded, and deciphering them can be a real challenge. In those cases, you may need to rely on answer-elimination skills. Almost always, at least one answer out of the possible choices for a question can be eliminated immediately because it matches one of these conditions: The answer does not apply to the situation. The answer describes a nonexistent issue, an invalid option, or an imagi-nary state. After you eliminate all answers that are obviously wrong, you can apply your retained knowledge to eliminate further answers. Look for items that sound cor-rect but refer to actions, commands, or features that are not present or not avail-able in the situation that the question describes. If you’re still faced with a blind guess among two or more potentially correct answers, reread the question.Try to picture how each of the possible remaining answers would alter the situation. Be especially sensitive to terminology; some-times the choice of words (“remove” instead of “disable”) can make the difference between a right answer and a wrong one. Sample Test 3 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ Only when you’ve exhausted your ability to eliminate answers, but remain un-clear about which of the remaining possibilities is correct, should you guess at an answer. An unanswered question offers you no points, but guessing gives you at least some chance of getting a question right; just don’t be too hasty when mak-ing a blind guess. Because you’re taking a fixed-length test, you can wait until the last round of reviewing marked questions (just as you’re about to run out of time or out of unanswered questions) before you start making guesses. Guessing should be your technique of last resort. Decoding Ambiguity Cisco exams have a reputation for including questions that can be difficult to interpret, confusing, or ambiguous. In our experience with numerous exams, we consider this reputation to be completely justified.The Cisco exams are tough, and they’re deliberately made that way. The only way to beat Cisco at its own game is to be prepared.You’ll discover that many exam questions test your knowledge of things that are not directly related to the issue that a question raises.This means that the answers you must choose from—even incorrect ones—are just as much a part of the skill assessment as the question itself. If you don’t know something about most aspects of CCIE Rout-ing and Switching written exam, you might not be able to eliminate obviously wrong answers because they relate to a different area of CCIE Routing and Switch-ing written exam than the area the question at hand is addressing. In other words, the more you know about the Cisco IOS and troubleshooting Cisco internetworks, the easier it will be for you to tell a right answer from a wrong one. Questions often give away their answers, but you have to be Sherlock Holmes to see the clues. Often, subtle hints appear in the question text in such a way that they seem almost irrelevant to the situation.You must realize that each question is a test unto itself and that you need to inspect and successfully navigate each question to pass the exam. Look for small clues, such as access-list modifications, problem isolation specifics (such as which layers of the OSI model are not func-tioning correctly), and invalid Cisco IOS commands. Little things like these can point at the right answer if properly understood; if missed, they can leave you facing a blind guess. Another common difficulty with certification exams is vocabulary. Be sure to brush up on the key terms presented at the beginning of each chapter. You may also want to read through the glossary at the end of this book the day before you take the test. 4 Chapter 11 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ Working Within the Framework The test questions appear in random order, and many elements or issues that receive mention in one question may also crop up in other questions. It’s not uncommon to find that an incorrect answer to one question is the correct answer to another question, or vice versa. Take the time to read every answer to each question, even if you recognize the correct answer to a question immediately. Because you’re taking a fixed-length test, you can revisit any question as many times as you like. If you’re uncertain of the answer to a question, check the box that’s provided to mark it for easy return later on.You should also mark questions you think may offer information that you can use to answer other questions.We usually mark somewhere between 25 and 50 percent of the questions on exams we’ve taken. The testing software is designed to let you mark every question if you choose; use this framework to your advantage. Everything you’ll want to see again should be marked; the testing software can then help you return to marked questions quickly and easily. We strongly recommend that you first read through the entire test quickly, before getting caught up in answering individual questions. This will help to jog your memory as you review the potential answers and can help identify questions that you want to mark for easy access to their contents. It will also let you identify and mark the really tricky questions for easy return as well.The key is to make a quick pass over the territory to begin with so that you know what you’re up against. Then you can survey that territory more thoroughly on a second pass as you begin to answer all questions systematically and consistently. Deciding What to Memorize The amount of memorization you must undertake for an exam depends on how well you remember what you’ve read and how well you know the Cisco IOS by heart. The tests will stretch your recollection of the router’s commands and functions. If you work your way through this book while sitting at a Cisco router (actually, you may need a group of routers) and try to manipulate this environment’s fea-tures and functions as they’re discussed throughout the book, you should have little or no difficulty mastering this material. Also, don’t forget that The Cram Sheet at the front of the book is designed to capture the material that’s most important to memorize; use this to guide your studies as well. Sample Test 5 ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ Preparing for the Test The best way to prepare for the test—after you’ve studied—is to take at least one practice exam. We’ve included one here in this chapter for that reason; the test questions are located in the pages that follow (and unlike the preceding chapters in this book, the answers don’t follow the questions immediately; you’ll have to flip to Chapter 12 to review the answers separately). Give yourself 120 minutes to take the exam, keep yourself on the honor system, and don’t look at earlier text in the book or jump ahead to the answer key.When your time is up or you’ve finished the questions, you can check your work in Chapter 12. Pay special attention to the explanations for the incorrect answers; these can also help to reinforce your knowledge of the material. Knowing how to recognize correct answers is good, but understanding why incorrect answers are wrong can be equally valuable. Taking the Test The night before you’re going to take the exam, you should feel as if you are almost bursting with knowledge and can barely wait to sit for the examination. If you’ve reached this readiness level, you’re prepared to take the examination. On exam-day eve, you should relax and spend an hour maximum on the test materials. Go over The Cram Sheet as well as your own study notes. Don’t sit up all night studying and worrying—if you want to do your best, you have to feel refreshed. Have a good meal, scan your study materials, and then get a good night’s sleep. On the day of the exam, eat a well-balanced breakfast and briefly review The Cram Sheet and your study notes. Ensure that you arrive at the testing center at least one hour before your scheduled time.Then, find a nice quiet corner to relax and mull over the main exam subjects. Once you’re sitting in front of the testing computer, there’s nothing more you can do to increase your knowledge or preparation. Take a deep breath, stretch, and start reading that first question. There’s no need to rush; you have plenty of time to complete each question and to return to those questions that you skip or mark for return. Both easy and difficult questions are intermixed throughout the test in random order. Don’t cheat yourself by spending too much time on a hard question early on in the test, thereby depriving yourself of the time you need to answer the questions at the end of the test. On a fixed-length test, you can read through the entire test and, before returning to marked questions for a second visit, figure out how much time you’ve got per ... - tailieumienphi.vn
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