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Prepared by Anh Tram TỪ VỰNG THEO CHỦ ĐỀ: MAKING SENSE 4 LISTENING 1. hectic /’hektik/ (adj) full of busy activity: bề bộn, sôi nổi This week has been really hectic. hectically (adv) 2. imagination /I,mxxxXAdZI’neISn/ (n) (C & UnC) the ability to think of clever and original ideas, possibilities, or solutions: sức tưởng tượng, trí tưởng tượng have the imagination to do something imaginative /I’mAdZInCtIv/ (adj) involving new, different, or exciting ideas: CREATIVE: giàu tưởng tượng, sáng tạo problems that may require more imaginative solutions imaginatively (adv) imagine /I’mAdZIn/ (v) to form a picture of something or someone in your mind: tưởng tượng She tried to imagine the scene. imagine (someone) doing something: Imagine yourself sitting behind your big new desk. imagine someone/something as something: I imagine him as a distinguished old gentleman. imagine someone/something to be something: I think they imagine the company to be bigger than it is. imagine (that): Imagine that you are lying on a beach. 3. vowel /’vaUCl/ (n) a sound that you make when you speak without closing your mouth or throat: nguyên âm 4. consonant /’kOnsCnCnt/ (n) a speech sound made by stopping all or some of the air going out of your mouth: phụ âm 5. pronounce /’prOU,naUn/ (v) to say the sounds of letters or words: phát âm I find some Japanese words very difficult to pronounce. pronunciation /prC,nVnsI’eISn / (n) 6. flabbergasted /’flAbCr,gAstCd/ (adj) FORMAL very surprised or shocked: sửng sốt, lặng người 7. fabulous /’fAbjUlCs/ (adj) extremely good: WONDERFUL: tuyệt vời, phi thường a fabulous opportunity fabulously (adv) 8. come easy (to someone) to be easy for someone to do, without them needing to try hard: dễ dàng thực hiện 9. curiosity /,kjUrI’OsCtI/ (n) (sing/Unc) a strong feeling of wanting to find out about something: tính tò mò curiosity about: All children have a certain curiosity about sexual matters. 1 Prepared by Anh Tram out of curiosity (=because of curiosity): Just out of curiosity, where were you last night? “Curiosity killed a cat.” [proverb] con mèo chết vì tính tò mò (thành ngữ) curious /’kjUrICs/ (adj) someone who is curious wants to find out about something: tò mò I didn’t mean to pry. I’m just curious. That’s all. curious about: Children are curious about animals and how they live. curious to see/hear/know something: People were curious to know why the accident happened. curiously (adv) 10. expression /ik’preSn/ (n) [count] a word or phrase: thành ngữ, từ ngữ Avoid colloquial expressions that are out of place in an academic essay. 5 VOCABULARY 11. explore /ik’splc:/ verb [intransitive or transitive] to travel around an area in order to learn about it or to search for something valuable such as oil: thăm dò, thám hiểm The town is a good base from which to explore this charming corner of New England. explore for: companies exploring for oil exploration /,eksplC’reISn/ (n) (C or UnC) a trip around an area to learn about it or to search for something valuable such as oil: sự thăm dò, sự thám hiểm the future of space exploration 12. celebrate /’selCbreIt/ verb [intransitive or transitive] to do something enjoyable in order to show that an occasion or event is special: làm lễ kỷ niệm Let’s have a party to celebrate your birthday. celebration /selC’breISn/ (n) [uncount] the activity of celebrating something: hoạt động nhân dịp lễ kỷ niệm It was a night of dancing and celebration. in celebration of something: He’s having a party in celebration of his 84th birthday. 13. achieve /C’tSIv/ verb [transitive] to succeed in doing or having what you planned or intended, usually after a lot of effort: đạt được, giành được The Republic of Tunisia achieved independence from France in 1957. achievement [count] a particular thing that you have achieved: thành tựu his many achievements 14. govern /’gVvn/ verb [intransitive or transitive] to control and manage an area, city, or country and its people: RULE: cai trị, cầm quyền The region is now governed by Morocco. government (n) (C or UnC) the people who control a country, region, or city and make decisions about its laws and taxes: chính phủ The Mexican government has announced its plans to raise the minimum wage next year. 9 READING 15. synesthesia /,sInIs’TIZC/ (n) cảm giác kèm , kết hợp 16. experience /Iks’piCrICns/ (n) 2 Prepared by Anh Tram a. [uncount] the knowledge you get from life and from being in a lot of different situations: kinh nghiệm in someone’s experience: In my experience, very intelligent people can still make terrible mistakes. b. [count] something that happens to you, or a situation that you are involved in: việc đã trải qua our childhood experiences have an experience: A lot of the people we talked to had had the same experience. experience of/with: It was her first experience of dealing with people from another culture. experience (v) [transitive] if you experience a problem or a situation, you have that problem or are in that situation: trải qua, kinh qua the discrimination experienced by older people experience difficulty/problems: Book industries are experiencing the same problems at the moment. experienced (adj) someone who is experienced has skill at something because they have done it a lot: kinh nghiệm I’m a lot more experienced than him. experienced at/in: She’s experienced in dealing with difficult customers. inexperienced 17. sense /sens/ (n) [count] one of the natural abilities that most people have to see, hear, smell, taste, and feel things, known as the five senses: giác quan sense of smell/taste/touch etc.: Our sense of smell improves as fading light reduces vision. 18. mix /mIks/ verb [intransitive or transitive] to combine things such as activities, ideas, or styles: hoà lẫn In this room antique and modern furniture have been successfully mixed. mix something with something: I don’t normally like to mix business with pleasure. mix (n) [singular] a particular combination of objects, qualities or substances: sự hòa hợp, hỗn hợp Alcohol and drugs is a deadly mix. mix of: He has just the right mix of youth and experience. mixed herbs/vegetables/nuts 19. phenomenon /fC’nOmCnCn/ (plural phenomena) (n) [count] an event or situation that can be seen to happen or exist: hiện tượng phenomenon of: a study of the phenomenon of physical attraction 20. taste /teIst/ verb 1 [linking verb] to have a particular flavor: có vị taste of: These cookies don’t taste of ginger. 2 [transitive] to eat or drink something and experience its flavor: nếm I’ve never tasted figs, but I’ve heard they’re very good. taste (n) (C or UnC) the flavor that something creates in your mouth when you eat or drink it: vị taste of: I love the taste of chocolate. 3 Prepared by Anh Tram 21. pickle /’pikl/ (n) [count] a CUCUMBER or other vegetable preserved in VINEGAR or salt water: dưa chua, đồ ngaâm 22. aspect /’Aspekt/ (n) [count] a particular part, feature, or quality of something: khía cạnh, mặt aspect of: a system of rules that covers almost every aspect of their lives 23. pale /peIl/ (adj) light and not bright in color: lợt (màu) pale blue eyes 24. describe /dI’skraIb/ verb [transitive] to give details about what someone or something is like: miêu tả I don’t think that’s quite the word to describe my feelings. description /dI’skrpSn/ (n) [count] a statement about what someone or something is like: sự miêu tả descriptive (adj) describing something: miêu tả descriptive language 25. symptom /’sImtCm/ (n) [count] a sign that someone has an illness: triệu chứng The symptoms include fever and vomiting. symptom of: The symptoms of flu may last several days. 26. at times = sometimes 27. view /vjU/ verb [transitive] to think about or consider a subject or issue in a particular way: REGARD: xem xét, suy nghĩ Chris and I view the role of education somewhat differently. view someone/something as: The Internet is viewed by many as a revolutionary educational tool. view (n) [count] a personal opinion, belief, or attitude about a particular situation or subject: POINT OF VIEW: quan điểm view on: Jill and I have somewhat different views on the election. view about: asking him his views about global warming in someone’s view: How important was it, in your view, that the two leaders had a good personal relationship? 28. artistic /ar’tIstIk/ (adj) relating to any form of art, including painting, music, literature, acting, and dancing: thuộc nghệ thuật cultural and artistic activities artistically (adv) 29. gifted /’giftId/ (adj) with an impressive natural ability: có năng khiếu a gifted child gifted in: She’s exceptionally gifted in music. 30. identify /ar’dentIfI/ verb [transitive] to recognize someone and be able to say who they are or what it is: nhận dạng Several key problems have already been identified. 4 Prepared by Anh Tram identification (n) [uncount] the action of recognizing someone or something that you have seen before: sự nhận dạng the identification and arrest of two suspects 31. record /rr’kc:d/ verb [transitive] to make a record of something that has happened, usually by writing it down: ghi lại, chép lại They were asked to record the time at which the attack happened. record /re’kc:d/ (n) [count] information kept about something that has happened: hồ sơ, sổ sách ghi chép medical / archaeological / historical records record of: a weekly record of world events 32. variety /vC’raICtI/ (n) [singular] a collection or number of people, things, ideas, etc. that are all different from one another: sự đa dạng variety of: People study yoga for a variety of reasons. We want to hear the opinions of a variety of people. 33. sensation /sen’seISn/ (n) [count] a physical feeling: cảm giác a tingling sensation sensation of: a sensation of nausea 34. neuroscientist /,njUCrC’saICntIst/ (n) [count] nhà khoa học nghiên cứu chứng loạn thần kinh 35. yet [conjunction] despite something used for introducing a word or idea that is surprising after what has just been mentioned: vậy mà, tuy nhiên The novel is 800 pages long, yet it reads more quickly than many shorter books. 36. come to pass LITERARY to happen 10 LISTENING 37. syllable /’sIlCbl/ (n) [count] a word or part of a word that has only one vowel sound. For example “son” has one syllable and “father” has two syllables: âm tiết 38. concentrate /’kOnsCntreIt/ verb [intransitive] to give all your attention to the thing you are doing: tập trung I was sleeping badly and finding it hard to concentrate. concentrate on: Stop talking and concentrate on your work. concentration: (n) [uncount] the process of giving all your attention to something: sự tập trung It took all his concentration to stay awake. 39. relate /rI’leIt/ verb [intransitive or transitive] to show or make a connection between two different things: liên hệ, liên kết I can’t really see how the two issues relate. relate something to something: We offer courses that relate English literature to other subjects. 5 ... - tailieumienphi.vn