HOW THE EURO BECAME OUR MONEY - A SHORT HISTORY OF THE EURO BANKNOTES AND COINS

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A SHORT HISTORY OF THE EURO BANKNOTES AND COINS HOW THE EURO BECAME OUR MONEY HOW THE EURO BECAME OUR MONEY A SHORT HISTORY OF THE EURO BANKNOTES AND COINS FOREWORD 7 CHApTER 1: A DECADE IN pREpARATION 9 Issuing euro banknotes and coins 10 Naming the currency and creating the € symbol 10 Fixing the denominations 12 Timing the introduction of the new currency 12 CHApTER 2: 2/3 DESIgN 17 Selecting a design theme for the banknotes 18 Creating user-friendly banknotes 22 Ranking the designs 22 Consulting the public and making the final decision 24 Designing the euro coins 28 Preparing the final designs 30 Appendix: Excerpts from the design brief for the euro banknotes 33 CHApTER 3: pRODUCTION 35 Printing prototype banknotes 36 Test banknotes 36 Creating printing plates 37 Zero-production run 38 Establishing a quality management system 40 Legal and security issues with suppliers 41 Paper-making 42 Printing 44 Managing the large-scale production of euro banknotes 48 CHApTER 4: CHANgEOvER 51 Estimating how many banknotes to print 52 Banknote circulation and banknote stocks 54 Stock management scheme for the changeover 55 Early distribution of banknotes and coins 56 Frontloading and sub-frontloading 59 Facilitating the cash changeover for retailers 60 Putting euro cash into circulation 60 Withdrawing national banknotes and coins 62 Adapting cash dispensers and cash- operated machines 64 Exchanging national banknotes at face value 66 CHApTER 5: COMMUNICATION 69 Preparing the public for the changeover 70 Euro 2002 Information Campaign 72 Partnership programme 73 National communication efforts 74 Campaign research 76 Campaign website 78 Press activities and public relations 79 Mass media campaign 80 CHApTER 6: SECURITY FEATURES OF EURO BANKNOTES 83 CHApTER 7: CURRENT AND FUTURE DEvElOpMENTS 89 ... - tailieumienphi.vn 803941

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