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TABLE 2.6 Dilute Gas Viscosity (µPa·s) Methane Ethane Propane Butane Isobutane Pentane Isopentane Hexane Heptane Ammonia Argon Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Ethylene Heavy water Helium Hydrogen (normal) Hydrogen sulfide Krypton Neon Nitrogen Oxygen Parahydrogen Water Xenon R-11 R-113 100 K 150 K 200 K 250 K 300 K 350 K 400 K 450 K 3.9829 5.9087 7.7900 9.5673 11.233 12.795 14.264 15.652 3.3157 4.8014 6.3522 7.8926 9.3864 10.820 12.192 13.504 2.9792 4.2268 5.5379 6.8715 8.2038 9.5190 10.807 12.060 — 3.7091 4.9832 6.2381 7.4730 8.6883 9.8849 11.064 — 3.7994 5.0857 6.3403 7.5639 8.7583 9.9253 11.067 — 3.4241 4.5472 5.7121 6.8932 8.0678 9.2197 10.339 — 3.9857 4.8092 6.0426 7.2928 8.5359 9.7548 10.939 — — 4.3039 5.4420 6.5526 7.6788 8.8014 9.9075 — — 3.5540 4.9393 5.9304 6.9437 7.9569 8.9564 — — 6.9639 8.4513 10.188 12.052 13.977 15.922 8.1386 12.179 15.922 19.402 22.656 25.718 28.612 31.363 — — — 12.556 15.014 17.395 19.690 21.896 6.8135 10.031 12.857 15.385 17.696 19.836 21.836 23.720 — 5.3064 7.0041 8.6638 10.361 12.008 13.575 15.061 — — — — 10.235 11.879 13.740 15.724 9.7650 12.491 15.135 17.597 19.926 22.151 24.290 26.356 4.1824 5.5558 6.7762 7.8996 8.9507 9.9440 10.890 11.797 — — 8.4917 10.686 12.882 15.035 17.121 19.129 — 12.825 17.186 21.346 25.238 28.875 32.291 35.532 14.568 19.609 23.897 27.718 31.235 34.532 37.662 40.654 6.9167 10.063 12.900 15.490 17.882 20.111 22.205 24.185 7.6302 11.275 14.609 17.682 20.539 23.214 25.735 28.124 4.1824 5.5558 6.7762 7.8996 8.9507 9.9440 10.890 11.797 — — — — 9.9262 11.531 13.347 15.285 — — 15.942 19.472 23.021 26.536 29.984 33.346 — — — 8.5895 10.366 12.144 13.899 15.613 — — — 8.0710 9.7388 11.413 13.070 14.694 500 K 550 K 600 K 16.969 18.225 19.426 14.759 15.963 17.118 13.273 14.443 15.568 12.226 13.371 14.502 12.184 13.279 14.353 11.421 12.465 13.472 12.084 13.189 14.254 10.989 12.041 13.063 9.9342 10.886 11.810 17.862 19.783 21.678 33.987 36.499 38.913 24.013 26.044 27.995 25.507 27.212 28.847 16.478 17.838 19.149 17.780 19.876 21.991 28.361 30.311 32.213 12.670 13.516 14.337 21.056 22.905 24.685 38.598 41.538 44.361 43.530 46.307 48.996 26.069 27.868 29.594 30.399 32.575 34.663 12.670 13.516 14.337 17.294 19.345 21.416 36.615 39.787 42.864 17.277 18.887 20.444 16.275 17.807 19.290 R-114 R-115 R-116 R-12 R-123 R-124 R-125 R-13 R-134a R-14 R-141b R-142b R-143a R-152a R-22 R-227ea R-23 R-236ea R-236fa R-245ca R-245fa R-32 R-41 RC318 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 6.9581 — — — 8.7213 — — — — — — — — — — — — — 7.1874 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 10.967 12.823 14.633 16.384 18.072 8.3439 10.501 12.633 14.700 16.684 18.581 20.394 9.4781 11.889 14.212 16.420 18.510 20.493 22.382 7.8613 9.8945 11.925 13.914 15.838 17.688 19.463 6.9649 8.9742 10.863 12.632 14.281 15.810 17.219 7.7230 9.7203 11.697 13.617 15.461 17.225 18.912 8.6666 10.903 13.102 15.223 17.252 19.188 21.035 9.3573 11.747 14.059 16.264 18.355 20.340 22.231 7.7659 9.8718 11.893 13.830 15.686 17.468 19.181 11.679 14.491 17.118 19.570 21.873 24.051 — 7.7183 9.3140 10.914 12.495 14.042 15.547 6.6993 8.4275 10.166 11.881 13.550 15.163 16.714 7.3820 9.2892 11.169 12.987 14.729 16.392 17.982 6.7055 8.4826 10.367 12.174 13.909 15.577 17.182 8.4013 10.575 12.735 14.840 16.868 18.813 20.674 — 9.6938 11.678 13.615 15.484 17.277 18.996 9.9500 12.554 15.012 17.329 19.533 21.634 23.645 — 9.1613 11.052 12.918 14.735 16.491 18.181 7.3159 9.2059 11.101 12.964 14.772 16.515 18.189 — 8.5345 10.301 12.059 13.785 15.464 17.089 — 8.6749 10.468 12.245 13.981 15.663 17.286 8.3720 10.538 12.695 14.801 16.834 18.784 20.653 7.3138 9.1921 11.022 12.775 14.443 16.030 17.543 — 9.6361 11.616 13.556 15.435 17.242 18.977 19.696 21.259 22.131 23.800 24.188 21.166 22.803 18.507 19.675 20.529 22.082 22.805 24.504 24.040 25.777 20.831 22.423 17.004 18.414 18.206 19.643 19.504 20.965 18.731 20.288 22.459 24.174 20.644 22.228 25.576 27.436 19.807 21.372 19.797 21.345 18.657 20.170 18.849 20.355 22.446 24.169 18.991 20.381 20.641 22.243 TABLE 2.7 Thermophysical Properties of Fluids along the Saturation Linea Methane (R-50) T p ρ (liq.) ρ (vap.) h (liq.) h (vap.) s (liq.) s (vap.) cv (liq.) cv (vap.) cp (liq.) cp (vap.) w (liq.) w (vap.) η (liq.) η (vap.) λ (liq.) λ (vap.) σ 100.00 0.0344 438.89 0.6746 −40.269 490.21 −0.3793 4.9255 2.1136 1.5887 3.4084 2.1458 1452.0 260.09 155.78 3.9976 199.67 10.015 0.0163 110.00 120.00 130.00 140.00 0.0881 0.1914 0.3673 0.6412 424.78 409.90 394.04 376.87 1.5982 3.2619 5.9804 10.152 −5.8134 29.405 65.628 103.20 508.02 524.02 537.66 548.34 −0.0522 0.2521 0.5385 0.8116 4.6191 4.3738 4.1695 3.9912 2.0642 2.0196 1.9795 1.9452 1.6108 1.6390 1.6739 1.7172 3.4692 3.5493 3.6580 3.8129 2.2053 2.2930 2.4208 2.6108 1354.7 1253.5 1148.1 1037.7 270.01 277.76 283.13 285.93 121.34 97.432 79.868 66.333 4.3964 4.1823 5.2517 5.7254 186.18 172.15 157.91 143.65 11.350 12.811 14.449 16.334 0.0137 0.0113 0.0091 0.0071 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 185.00 190.00 1.0400 1.5921 2.3283 3.2852 3.8617 4.5186 357.90 336.31 310.50 276.23 251.36 200.78 16.328 25.382 38.974 61.375 80.435 125.18 142.64 184.80 231.24 285.94 320.51 378.27 555.23 557.07 551.54 532.83 512.49 459.03 1.0761 1.3378 1.6054 1.8991 2.0765 2.3687 3.8267 3.6645 3.4895 3.2707 3.1142 2.7937 1.9186 1.9037 1.9095 1.9669 2.0623 2.6022 1.7727 1.8473 1.9556 2.1404 2.3118 2.8546 4.0474 4.4354 5.1872 7.2923 11.109 94.012 2.9083 3.4189 4.4585 7.5740 13.527 140.81 920.85 795.43 657.52 497.01 398.59 250.31 285.97 283.01 276.66 266.04 258.03 238.55 55.437 46.266 38.115 30.193 25.773 18.982 6.2526 6.8688 7.6515 8.8251 9.8238 12.455 129.43 115.19 100.73 85.799 78.733 96.970 18.581 21.423 25.477 33.392 43.706 119.40 0.0052 0.0035 0.0021 0.0009 0.0004 0.0000 Ethane (R-170) T p ρ (liq.) ρ (vap.) h (liq.) h (vap.) 100.00 0.000011 641.24 0.0004 −199.04 386.60 120.00 0.00035 619.31 0.0107 −152.04 410.88 140.00 0.0038 596.90 0.0991 −105.35 435.96 160.00 0.0215 573.82 0.4893 −58.612 460.84 180.00 0.0787 549.66 1.6257 −11.027 484.38 200.00 220.00 240.00 260.00 280.00 300.00 0.2174 0.4923 0.9673 1.7125 2.8076 4.3565 523.96 496.10 465.08 429.02 383.15 303.22 4.1746 9.0367 17.492 31.703 56.583 114.50 38.151 89.685 144.53 204.23 272.18 363.80 505.82 524.45 539.23 548.17 546.52 512.98 s (liq.) s (vap.) cv (liq.) cv (vap.) cp (liq.) cp (vap.) w (liq.) w (vap.) η (liq.) η (vap.) λ (liq.) λ (vap.) σ −1.4399 4.4165 1.6012 0.9080 2.3318 1.1840 1938.3 189.89 877.99 3.3157 248.15 3.4562 0.0300 −1.0115 3.6795 1.5345 0.9168 2.3453 1.1875 1795.5 207.39 488.15 3.8961 230.30 4.6535 0.0267 −0.6516 3.2149 1.4647 0.8995 2.3284 1.1618 1647.8 223.45 320.91 4.4956 210.90 5.9584 0.0233 −0.3398 2.9067 1.4282 0.9217 2.3497 1.1888 1498.5 236.89 231.74 5.1100 191.08 7.4110 0.0200 −0.0603 2.6920 1.4184 1.0065 2.4082 1.3017 1347.7 246.81 176.39 5.7388 171.51 9.0663 0.0168 0.1974 0.4403 0.6745 2.5357 2.4165 2.3190 1.4281 1.4536 1.4941 1.1280 1.2633 1.4047 2.5019 2.6377 2.8398 1.4791 1.7090 2.0151 1194.8 1039.0 878.23 252.96 254.94 252.03 138.23 109.90 87.650 6.3908 7.0891 7.8826 152.56 134.47 117.37 10.997 13.305 16.179 0.0136 0.0105 0.0076 0.9066 1.1481 1.4478 2.2294 2.1279 1.9451 1.5513 1.6356 1.8781 1.5560 1.7365 2.0507 3.1805 3.9711 9.9832 2.4986 3.6068 12.744 708.85 520.93 276.76 243.27 227.16 200.47 69.273 52.962 34.918 8.8799 10.381 14.023 101.18 85.534 71.371 20.060 26.418 46.929 0.0048 0.0023 0.0003 Propane (R-290) T p ρ (liq.) ρ (vap.) h (liq.) h (vap.) s (liq.) s (vap.) cv (liq.) cv (vap.) cp (liq.) cp (vap.) w (liq.) w (vap.) 100.00 2.5 ×10−8 718.54 0.0000 −168.39 379.56 −1.0920 4.3876 1.3436 0.7480 1.9310 0.9365 2026.4 153.65 125.00 7.5 ×10−6 693.01 0.0003 −119.73 404.10 −0.6577 3.5329 1.3339 0.8366 1.9613 1.0252 1857.6 169.94 150.00 0.00028 667.73 0.0100 −70.291 430.71 −0.2973 3.0427 1.3391 0.9184 1.9956 1.1075 1684.4 184.59 175.00 200.00 0.0034 0.0201 642.23 615.98 0.1026 0.5404 −19.808 32.227 459.04 488.58 0.0138 0.2915 2.7501 2.5733 1.3582 1.3926 1.0016 1.0946 2.0461 2.1194 1.1933 1.2950 1515.0 1349.7 197.65 208.68 225.00 250.00 275.00 0.0769 0.2179 0.5020 588.40 558.78 526.17 1.8711 4.9424 10.941 86.460 143.65 204.67 518.59 548.27 576.71 0.5465 0.7863 1.0168 2.4670 2.4048 2.3697 1.4423 1.5065 1.5839 1.2040 1.3313 1.4736 2.2196 2.3515 2.5233 1.4244 1.5908 1.8048 1187.5 1027.5 868.89 216.87 221.28 220.90 300.00 325.00 350.00 0.9980 1.7832 2.9510 489.14 444.89 384.02 21.658 40.480 77.052 270.61 343.27 427.71 602.56 623.16 630.91 1.2428 1.4699 1.7116 2.3493 2.3311 2.2921 1.6738 1.7794 1.9248 1.6281 1.7975 2.0004 2.7572 3.1371 4.2091 2.0984 2.5937 4.0530 710.10 544.17 350.19 214.52 200.36 175.23 continued TABLE 2.7 Thermophysical Properties of Fluids along the Saturation Linea (Continued) Propane (R-290) (Continued) η (liq.) 3821.5 η (vap.) 2.9792 λ (liq.) 203.49 λ (vap.) 2.4171 σ 0.0354 1269.7 655.97 415.28 289.68 212.58 160.60 123.31 95.085 72.351 51.632 3.5913 4.2258 4.8708 5.5148 6.1540 6.8026 7.5026 8.3405 9.5083 11.634 192.17 178.46 163.55 148.25 133.13 118.62 105.08 92.755 81.720 71.502 3.7887 5.3418 7.0722 8.9711 11.040 13.323 15.957 19.248 23.915 32.636 0.0315 0.0277 0.0239 0.0203 0.0167 0.0132 0.0099 0.0068 0.0039 0.0014 Butane (R-600) T p ρ (liq.) ρ (vap.) h (liq.) h (vap.) s (liq.) s (vap.) cv (liq.) cv (vap.) cp (liq.) cp (vap.) w (liq.) w (vap.) η (liq.) η (vap.) λ (liq.) λ (vap.) σ 150.00 8.8 ×10−6 720.91 0.0004 −58.828 422.68 −0.2501 2.9600 1.4290 1.0149 1.9824 1.1580 1719.0 156.47 1370.6 3.7090 171.21 5.5793 0.0313 200.00 225.00 250.00 275.00 300.00 325.00 350.00 375.00 400.00 425.00 0.0020 0.0106 0.0393 0.1109 0.2580 0.5206 0.9447 1.5821 2.4950 3.7828 673.73 649.75 624.93 598.78 570.67 539.76 504.77 463.27 408.14 256.91 0.0687 0.3336 1.1234 2.9507 6.5301 12.847 23.402 40.982 72.839 201.07 41.883 93.960 147.89 204.27 263.73 326.94 394.69 468.29 551.10 680.26 484.26 517.46 551.89 587.15 622.77 685.13 692.20 722.98 745.40 709.19 0.3289 0.5741 0.8011 1.1055 1.2215 1.4223 1.6206 1.8200 2.0282 2.3307 2.5407 2.4563 2.4171 2.4078 2.4183 2.4414 2.4707 2.4992 2.5140 2.3988 1.4718 1.5135 1.5709 1.6422 1.7248 1.8161 1.9147 2.0215 2.1482 2.4543 1.1748 1.2650 1.3681 1.4849 1.6133 1.7508 1.8955 2.0485 2.2178 2.4822 2.0537 2.1155 2.2004 2.3092 2.4435 2.6082 2.8194 3.1351 3.8592 211.56 1.3198 1.4147 1.5282 1.6644 1.8266 2.0227 2.2764 2.6684 3.6114 242.27 1430.6 1290.7 1153.3 1018.2 884.92 752.87 620.83 483.83 328.58 119.17 178.85 188.13 195.52 200.40 202.11 199.83 192.54 178.61 154.97 113.84 494.94 349.26 259.20 198.78 155.62 123.09 97.300 75.697 55.863 27.110 4.9792 5.5998 6.2086 6.8131 7.4364 8.1245 8.9613 10.110 12.016 21.260 149.19 137.42 125.77 114.53 103.94 94.180 85.386 77.581 70.526 118.63 8.4973 10.250 12.197 14.357 16.785 19.604 23.061 27.664 34.993 123.39 0.0243 0.0210 0.0177 0.0146 0.0116 0.0088 0.0061 0.0037 0.0015 0.0000 ... - tailieumienphi.vn