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TABLE 2.2 Equations of State and Transport Equations for Pure Fluidsa (Continued) Fluid Hydrogen sulfide Krypton Methanol Neon Nitrogen Nitrogen trifluoride Oxygen Parahydrogen Perfluorobutane Perfluoropentane Perfluoropropane Propylene Propyne Sulfur dioxide Sulfur hexafluoride Toluene Water Xenon R-11 R-113 R-114 R-115 R-116 R-12 Equation ofState Lemmon and Span (2001) Lemmon and Span (2001) de Reuck and Craven (1993) Katti et al. (1986) Span et al. (2000) Younglove (1982) Schmidt and Wagner (1985) Younglove (1982) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) Lemmon and Span (2001) Angus et al. (1980) Polt et al. (1992) Polt (1987) de Reuck et al. (1991) Lemmon and Span (2001) Wagner and Pruss (2002) Lemmon and Span (2001) Jacobsen et al. (1992) Marx et al. (1992) Platzer et al. (1990) ECS (fitted) Kozlov (1996) Marx et al. (1992) Thermal Conductivity Equation NIST14, Version 9.08 ECS (fitted) Not currently available ECS (fitted) Lemmon and Jacobsen (2001) Not currently available Lemmon and Jacobsen (2001) McCarty and Weber (1972) Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available IAPWS (1998) McCarty (1989) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ECS (predictive) ECS (fitted) Viscosity Equation NIST14, Version 9.08 ECS (fitted) Not currently available ECS (fitted) Lemmon and Jacobsen (2001) Not currently available Lemmon and Jacobsen (2001) McCarty and Weber (1972) Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available Not currently available IAPWS (1997) McCarty (1989) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ECS (predictive) ECS (fitted) Temp. Range (K) (EOS) 187.7–760 115.77–800 175.61–620 24.562–700 63.151–2000 85–500 54.361–1000 13.8–400 189–500 200–500 113–500 100–600 273–474 273–523 222.38–525 179–750 273.16–1275 161.36–800 162.68–625 236.93–525 273.15–507 173.76–500 176–423 116.099–525 Max. Pressure (MPa) 170 300 800 700 2200 50 82 121 30 30 30 200 32 32 55 100 1000 300 30 200 21 60 50 200 R-123 R-124 R-125 R-13 R-134a R-14 R-141b R-142b R-143a R-152a R-22 R-227ea R-23 R-236ea R-236fa R-245ca R-245fa R-32 R-41 RC318 Younglove and McLinden (1994) de Vries et al. (1995) Sunaga et al. (1998) Magee et al. (2000) Tillner-Roth and Baehr (1994) Platzer et al. (1990) Lemmon and Span (2001) Lemmon and Span (2001) Lemmon and Jacobsen (2000) Outcalt and McLinden (1996) Kamei et al. (1995) ECS (fitted) Penoncello et al. (2003) ECS (fitted) Outcalt and McLinden (1995) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) Tillner-Roth and Yokozeki (1997) Outcalt (1996) Platzer et al. (1990) Laesecke et al. (1996) ECS (predictive) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) Perkins et al. (2000) ECS (predictive) ECS (predictive) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) Krauss et al. (1996) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) Shan et al. (2000) ECS (predictive) ECS (predictive) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ECS (predictive) ECS (predictive) Tanaka and Sotani (1995) ECS (predictive) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) Laesecke (2000) ECS (predictive) ECS (predictive) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) Krauss et al. (1996) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) Shan et al. (2000) ECS (predictive) ECS (predictive) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ECS (fitted) ESC (predictive) ECS (predictive) 166–600 40 120–470 40 172.52–500 60 92–403 35 169.85–455 70 98.94–623 51 169.85–500 100 142.72–500 60 161.34–650 100 154.56–500 60 115.73–550 60 200–500 60 118.20–475 120 242–500 60 179.52–500 40 200–500 60 200–500 60 136.340–435 70 175–500 60 233.35–623 60 aThe equations of state for the fluids in bold type can be considered primary standards, and those for the italicized fluids are high-accuracy equations. See the text for additional details. TABLE 2.3 Physical Constants and Fixed Points Methane Ethane Propane Butane Isobutane Pentane Isopentane Neopentane Hexane Heptane Octane Ammonia Argon Benzene Carbon dioxide Carbon monoxide Cyclohexane Cyclopropane Deuterium Ethylene Fluorine Heavy water Helium Hydrogen Hydrogen sulfide Molecular Weight (g/mol) 16.043 30.070 44.096 58.122 58.122 72.149 72.149 72.151 86.175 100.20 114.23 17.030 39.948 78.108 44.010 28.011 84.161 42.081 4.0282 28.054 37.997 20.027 4.0026 2.0159 34.082 Critical Temperature (K) 190.56 305.33 369.82 425.13 407.82 469.70 460.35 433.75 507.82 540.13 569.32 405.40 150.69 562.05 304.13 132.80 553.64 398.30 38.340 282.35 144.41 643.89 5.1953 33.190 373.60 Critical Pressure (MPa) 4.5992 4.8718 4.2471 3.7960 3.6400 3.3700 3.3957 3.1963 3.0340 2.7360 2.4970 11.333 4.8630 4.8940 7.3773 3.4935 4.0750 5.5797 1.6653 5.0418 5.1724 21.671 0.2275 1.3150 9.1100 Critical Density (kg/m3) 162.66 206.58 218.50 227.84 224.36 232.00 236.00 232.00 233.18 232.00 234.90 225.00 535.60 309.00 467.60 303.92 273.00 258.50 69.797 214.24 592.86 358.00 69.641 30.118 337.41 Triple Point (K) 90.694 90.352 85.480 134.87 113.56 143.47 112.65 256.60 177.83 182.55 216.37 195.50 83.806 278.70 216.59 67.127 279.47 145.70 18.710 103.99 53.481 276.97 2.1768 13.957 187.70 Normal Boiling Point (K) 111.67 184.55 231.06 272.59 261.48 309.21 300.97 282.63 341.86 371.53 398.77 239.82 87.302 353.23 — 81.648 353.89 241.67 23.309 169.38 85.037 374.56 4.2304 20.277 212.86 Dipole Acentric Moment Factor (D) 0.0114 0 0.0993 0 0.1524 0.083 0.2000 0.02 0.1850 0.132 0.2510 0.37 0.2296 0.10 0.1960 0 0.2970 0.05 0.3480 0.3930 0.2560 1.47 −0.0022 0 0.2092 0.2239 0 0.0510 0.10 0.2093 0.30 0.1305 −0.1750 0 0.0866 0 0.0449 0 0.3640 1.90 −0.3820 0 −0.2140 0 0.0960 0.90 Krypton Methanol Neon Nitrogen Nitrogen trifluoride Oxygen Parahydrogen Perfluorobutane Perfluoropentane Perfluoropropane Propylene Propyne Sulfur dioxide Sulfur hexafluoride Toluene Water Xenon R-11 R-113 R-114 R-115 R-116 R-12 R-123 R-124 R-125 R-13 R-134a R-14 R-141b 83.804 209.48 5.5100 908.44 115.77 119.78 32.042 513.38 8.2158 281.50 175.61 337.63 20.179 44.492 2.6786 481.91 24.562 27.104 28.013 126.19 3.3958 313.30 63.151 77.355 71.019 234.00 4.4607 562.47 66.360 144.14 31.999 154.58 5.0430 436.14 54.361 90.188 2.0159 32.938 1.2838 31.360 13.800 20.277 238.03 386.33 2.3234 599.84 145.00 271.06 288.03 420.56 2.0450 609.47 200.00 302.90 188.02 345.10 2.6710 628.00 113.00 236.32 42.080 365.57 4.6646 223.39 87.950 225.46 40.060 402.38 5.6260 244.90 170.50 191.00 64.066 430.65 7.8800 525.00 197.70 256.61 146.06 318.73 3.7546 743.81 222.38 — 92.138 593.88 4.2380 290.24 179.00 383.70 18.015 647.10 22.064 322.00 273.16 373.12 131.30 289.73 5.8400 1099.0 161.36 165.03 137.37 471.11 4.4076 554.00 162.68 296.86 187.38 487.21 3.3922 560.00 236.93 320.74 170.93 418.83 3.2570 580.00 179.00 276.74 154.47 353.10 3.1200 613.10 173.76 234.21 138.01 293.03 3.0420 622.00 176.00 194.98 120.91 385.12 4.1361 565.00 116.10 243.40 152.93 456.83 3.6618 550.00 166.00 300.97 136.47 395.43 3.6243 560.00 74.000 261.19 120.02 339.17 3.6290 568.00 172.52 225.02 104.46 302.00 3.8790 582.88 92.000 191.67 102.03 374.21 4.0593 511.90 169.85 247.08 88.010 227.51 3.7500 625.70 98.940 145.10 116.95 479.96 4.4600 460.00 169.85 305.21 −0.0017 0.5625 −0.0387 0.0372 0.1260 0.0222 −0.2180 0.3740 0.4230 0.3210 0.1408 0.2040 0.2300 0.2100 0.2610 0.3440 0.0036 0.1888 0.2525 0.2523 0.2520 0.2540 0.1795 0.2819 0.2881 0.3061 0.1723 0.3268 0.1785 0.2235 0 1.70 0 0 0.20 0 0 0.14 0.14 0.40 0.70 1.60 0 0.40 1.855 0 0.45 0.803 0.658 0.52 0 0.51 1.356 1.469 1.563 0.51 2.058 0 2.014 continued TABLE 2.3 Physical Constants and Fixed Points (Continued) R-142b R-143a R-152a R-22 R-227ea R-23 R-236ea R-236fa R-245ca R-245fa R-32 R-41 RC318 Molecular Weight (g/mol) 100.50 84.041 66.051 86.468 170.03 70.014 152.04 152.04 134.05 134.05 52.024 34.033 200.04 Critical Temperature (K) 410.26 345.86 386.41 369.30 374.88 299.29 412.44 398.07 447.57 427.20 351.25 317.28 388.38 Critical Pressure (MPa) 4.0700 3.7610 4.5168 4.9900 2.9290 4.8280 3.5020 3.2000 3.9250 3.6400 5.7820 5.8970 2.7775 Critical Density (kg/m3) 446.00 431.00 368.00 523.84 584.00 526.50 563.00 551.29 523.59 517.00 424.00 316.51 620.00 Triple Point (K) 142.72 161.34 154.56 115.73 146.35 118.02 — 179.52 — — 136.34 129.82 233.35 Normal Boiling Point (K) 264.04 225.91 249.13 232.34 256.71 191.13 279.35 271.71 298.28 288.05 221.50 195.02 267.18 Dipole Acentric Moment Factor (D) 0.2337 2.14 0.2615 2.34 0.2752 2.262 0.2208 1.458 0.3632 1.456 0.2646 1.649 0.3794 1.129 0.3772 1.982 0.3536 1.74 0.3724 1.549 0.2769 1.978 0.2012 1.851 0.3553 ... - tailieumienphi.vn