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  1. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System HÖ thèng treo SUSPENSION SYSTEM
  2. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Description Shock absorber Spring Torsion beam Spring S i Stabilizer Shock absorber Suspension arm Lower arm (1/1)
  3. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Oscillation and Driving Comfort 1.Sprung weight and unsprung weight Sprung weight Unsprung weight Sprung weight Sprung weight Unsprung weight U i ht Unsprung weight (1/3)
  4. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Oscillation and Driving Comfort 2.Oscillation of sprung weight (1) Pitching (2) Rolling (3) Bouncing (4) Yawing (2/3)
  5. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Oscillation and Driving Comfort 3.Oscillation of unsprung (1) Hopping weight (2) Tramping (3) Wind-up (3/3)
  6. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics (1) Ri id axle suspension Rigid l i (2) Independent suspension (1/3)
  7. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics (1) Ri id axle suspension Rigid l i (2) Independent suspension (1/3)
  8. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics (1) Ri id axle suspension Rigid l i (2) Independent suspension (1/3)
  9. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics (1) Trailing arm type with torsion beam (2) Parallel leaf spring type (3) Leading arm type with lateral rod, trailing arm type with lateral rod (4) 4-link type (2/3)
  10. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics (1) Trailing arm type with torsion beam Trailing T ili arm Torsion beam Stabilizer bar No lift-up (2/3)
  11. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics (2) Parallel leaf spring type Rear axle Leaf spring (2/3)
  12. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics (3) Leading arm type with lateral rod, trailing arm type with lateral rod Leading arm Lateral control rod Front suspension Lateral control rod Trailing arm Rear suspension (2/3)
  13. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics (4) 4-link type Upper control arm Lateral control rod Stabilizer Upper control arm Lower control arm (2/3)
  14. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics (1) Macpherson strut type (2) Double wishbone type •Semi-trailing arm type Suspension arm (3/3)
  15. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics Stabilizer link Stabilizer bar Lower arm Suspension member REFERENCE: Spring offset (3/3)
  16. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Suspension System Suspension Types and Characteristics Upper arm Coil spring Lower arm Tire-to-ground camber Tread Tread (3/3)
  17. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Springs Characteristics 1.Elasticity/ 1. Elasticity 2.Spring rate (constant) Load 2. Spring constant W K= Where W = external force (load), in N a a = amount of contraction (deformation), in mm k = spring constant, in N/mm W1 a1 a2 W2 a3 W3 W1 W2 W3 = k (constant) a1 a2 a3 (1/2)
  18. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Springs Characteristics 3.Spring oscillation 3. Spring oscillation Oscillation pattern tt Amplitude A Time (2/2)
  19. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Springs Types of spring 1.Outline Leaf spring Metallic spring Coil spring Torsion bar spring Suspension spring Rubber spring Non-metallic Non metallic spring Air spring Leaf spring Coil spring Torsion bar spring Fixed end of torsion bar Rubber spring Air spring Torsion applied to end of bar by lever (1/6)
  20. Diagnosis Technician>>Suspension and Steering>>Suspension System Springs Types of spring 2.Leaf springs Shackle Eye Center bolt Clip Span Nip Camber (2/6)