Tài liệu miễn phí Y Tế - Sức Khoẻ

Download Tài liệu học tập miễn phí Y Tế - Sức Khoẻ:Y học thường thức, Y khoa - Dược, Sức khỏe trẻ em, Sức khỏe người cao tuổi, Thời trang - Làm đẹp, Sức khỏe phụ nữ, Sinh học

Làm sao để viêm da cơ địa không tái phát?

Con trai tôi 14 tháng tuổi, bị sần đỏ và đóng vảy từng đám ở má, trán, tai, bắp chân... Bác sĩ bảo là bị viêm da cơ địa và cho bôi thuốc. Cháu hết được một thời gian rồi bị lại, các nốt sần này rất ngứa. Xin hỏi có cách nào khắc phục triệt để bệnh này không? Theo BS Vũ Hồng Thái, Giám đốc BV Da liễu TPHCM, thì viêm da cơ địa (còn gọi là chàm thể tạng hay lác sữa) là một dạng viêm da dị ứng mãn tính, bệnh thường xuất hiện ở trẻ em...

8/30/2018 3:57:34 AM +00:00

Măng cụt cứu con khỏi tiêu chảy mùa hè

Tiêu chảy, rối loạn tiêu hóa là bệnh lý thường gặp không chỉ ở người lớn chúng ta mà còn cả ở trẻ nhỏ. Mùa hè đến, thời tiết nóng ẩm lại càng là điều kiện cho vi trùng sinh sôi nảy nở và khiến dịch bệnh này bùng phát tràn lan. Dù đã có ý thức giữ gìn cho cu Bin cẩn thân, cuối cùng em cũng vẫn “mang tội” để con phải gặp “ông tào tháo”. Chủ nhật tuần trước quả là một ngày nhớ đời của em. ...

8/30/2018 3:57:34 AM +00:00

Trẻ vận động nhiều sẽ thông minh

Những đứa trẻ vận động nhiều thường đạt được kết quả học tập cao hơn so với em không khỏe mạnh, bởi hoạt động thể chất đóng vai trò quan trọng trong thành tích học tập. Leo núi làm tăng miễn dịch, trí thông minh Tập thể dục giúp con người thông minh hơn Kẻ thù làm giảm trí thông minh ở trẻ Một nghiên cứu đã chỉ ra rằng, những bé hiếu động thường biểu hiện tốt hơn trẻ không tham gia vào các bài thể dục thường ngày hay môn thể thao có tổ chức. ...

8/30/2018 3:20:02 AM +00:00

Trò chơi giúp trẻ tự tin vào lớp một

Cha mẹ có thể cùng con luyện khả năng viết bằng việc tô màu, tô chữ; làm quen với toán học qua việc đếm mọi vật xung quanh như số bát trên bàn ăn, số người trong gia đình, xe qua lại trên đường… Bí quyết chuẩn bị tâm thế cho bé vào lớp 1 Chuẩn bị cho con vào lớp 1 phải từ lúc còn bé Theo chuyên viên tham vấn tâm lý Phạm Thị Thúy, để chuẩn bị cho con tự tin khi bước vào lớp một, phụ huynh có thể cùng bé rèn luyện một số kỹ...

8/30/2018 3:20:02 AM +00:00

Tuyệt chiêu giúp trẻ hay ăn chóng lớn

Cha mẹ không nên quá áp đặt việc ăn uống của trẻ. Món ăn dành cho bé nên phong phú và bắt mắt. Gia đình cũng tạo không khí sinh hoạt vui vẻ và hòa đồng trong bữa ăn... Cách tập bé ăn dặm Nguyên tắc 'vàng' trong giáo dục con Nhìn trẻ ăn uống ngon miệng, cha mẹ nào cũng hạnh phúc vì thấy con khỏe mạnh, khôn lớn từng ngày.

8/30/2018 3:20:02 AM +00:00

Xử trí khi trẻ bị hăm tã

Có nhiều nguyên nhân dẫn đến hăm tã nhưng phổ biến nhất là do nước tiểu của bé đọng lại quá lâu nếu mẹ ít thay tã. Hăm cũng có thể xảy ra do khi tắm xong, người bé còn ẩm mà mẹ đã vội quấn tã...Một nguyên nhân hay gặp nữa là do lạm dụng phấn rôm. Nhiều mẹ rất thích thoa một lượt phấn rôm cho bé sau khi bé tắm xong. Cảm giác bé thơm tho, mát mẻ khiến mẹ lầm tưởng rằng phấn rôm có thể làm mát da mát thịt, chống rôm sẩy và chống...

8/30/2018 3:20:02 AM +00:00

Yếu tố giúp trẻ tương lai thành đạt hay trùm găngxtơ

Trí thông minh xúc cảm (EQ) là khả năng nhận thức, thấu hiểu và truyền đạt cảm xúc. EQ cao giúp trẻ phát triển kỹ năng giao tiếp, hòa đồng với bạn bè và các kỹ năng xã hội khác như ứng xử, lãnh đạo nhóm; tiền đề thành đạt về sau. Rèn cảm xúc tích cực cho trẻ 2-12 tháng tuổi Lo lắng vì con 3 tháng chưa biết hóng chuyện Nhiều cha mẹ tin rằng với chỉ số thông minh (IQ) cao, con mình sẽ thành đạt trong học tập và cả trong cuộc sống sau này. ...

8/30/2018 3:20:02 AM +00:00

MATERNAL HEALTH IN NIGERIA WITH LEADERSHIP, PROGRESS IS POSSIBLE

The cost of ARV drugs was a major determinant in countries’ choice of a PMTCT option. In 2009 the average ARV drug cost of Option B was three to five times higher than the cost of Option A (depending on regimen and assuming the provision of both ART and prophylaxis). However, by the end of 2011, this differential had diminished to two times higher. The annual cost of two-pill formulations of TDF/3TC/ EFV has decreased by 30% over the past three years and is now US$150; the newer TDF/3TC/EFV single-pill fixeddose regimen costs approximately US$180 per year (11,12). Further declines are anticipated. With the differing initial cost of drugs now less...

8/30/2018 3:00:30 AM +00:00

Understanding Tuberculosis – Analyzing the Origin of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Pathogenicity Edited by Pere-Joan Cardona

Tham khảo sách 'understanding tuberculosis – analyzing the origin of mycobacterium tuberculosis pathogenicity edited by pere-joan cardona', y tế - sức khoẻ phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

8/30/2018 2:48:12 AM +00:00

Lợi ích của khoai sọ với sức khỏe

Theo Đông y, khoai sọ có tính bình, tác dụng vào 3 kinh tỳ, vị và đại tràng giúp tiêu viêm, giảm sưng đau và nhuận tràng, tăng cường sức khoẻ trước thời tiết khó chịu. Giúp nhuận tràng, chống táo bón: Những người bị táo bón thường xuyên có thể dẫn đến bệnh trĩ, để phòng và điều trị táo bón thì nên sử dụng khoai sọ.

8/30/2018 2:27:21 AM +00:00

8 loại thực phẩm có ích cho sức khỏe tuổi trung niên

Theo nhiều nghiên cứu cho thấy khi bạn bắt đầu bước sang tuổi 30, năng lượng bị đốt cháy sẽ giảm dần khiến bạn dễ bị tăng cân. Khi tăng cân, nguy cơ bị bệnh tim mạch và tiểu đường cũng tăng lên. Tuy nhiên, tỷ lệ mắc bệnh sẽ được hạn chế khi bạn dùng “đúng” thực phẩm. Dưới đây là 8 loại thực phẩm đã được khoa học chứng minh là có ích cho sức khỏe tuổi trung niên, theo Daily Mail. ...

8/30/2018 2:27:21 AM +00:00

Dùng thuốc sát khuẩn bôi ngoài da sao cho đúng

? Có nhiều loại bệnh da, nhiều tác nhân bên ngoài gây nên các thương tích ngoài da có thể bị nhiễm trùng, làm mủ, rất lâu lành và khi lành sẽ để lại sẹo. Ngoài việc dùng thuốc kháng sinh toàn thân, chúng ta cần phải săn sóc chỗ da bị bệnh và bôi thêm thuốc sát khuẩn tại chỗ. Vấn đề đặt ra là việc chỉ định dùng và cách dùng các thuốc bôi này như thế nào cho đúng? Dùng thuốc bôi ngoài da khi nào? Thuốc ngoài da được dùng khi mắc một trong các bệnh: -...

8/30/2018 2:14:42 AM +00:00

TOMAN’S TUBERCULOSIS CASE DETECTION, TREATMENT, AND MONITORING

The second edition of this practical, authoritative reference book provides a rational basis for the diagnosis and management of tuberculosis. Written by a number of experts in the field, it remains faithful to Kurt Toman’s original question-and-answer format, with subject matter grouped under the three headings Case detection, Treatment, and Monitoring. It is a testament to the enduring nature of the first edition that so much material has been retained unchanged. At the same time, the new edition has had not only to address the huge resurgence of tuberculosis, the emergence of multidrug-resistant bacilli, and the special needs of HIV-infected individuals with tuberculosis, but also to encompass significant scientific advances. These...

8/30/2018 2:06:12 AM +00:00

Genetics and Testicular Cancer: Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics Clinical Genetics Branch

There has been a great deal of progress since the original breast guidance was published, so much so that it may seem to some that implementation of that guidance is largely achieved, that modern multidisciplinary breast cancer care is ‘a done deal’. But the challenges of rising numbers of new referrals, the need to respond within tight time-scales, and advances in diagnosis and treatment mean that teams must be very well organised and well supported to succeed. Despite obvious progress, breast teams do not all work optimally. Breast teams need good internal systems and reliable support to ensure that all members meet regularly and operate effectively together and...

8/30/2018 2:01:56 AM +00:00

Misconceptions about the Causes of Cancer

One of the important ways in which this guidance is used reflects a greater concern with implementation. Recommendations from the original breast guidance were incorporated into the NHS cancer standards for both England6 and Wales. 7 These standards have in turn been used to help improve services in various ways (including national peer review in England), and have informed reviews of cancer services carried out by the Commission for Health Improvement and Audit Commission. The task of producing the update has been greater than anticipated because of the scale of the evidence reviews required – although in reality, much of the updated evidence substantiated the validity of existing recommendations, rather than...

8/30/2018 2:01:56 AM +00:00

The Electrical Properties of Cancer Cells

This updated edition of Improving Outcomes in Breast Cancer is based on the Manual published by the Department of Health in 1996. Additional material, based on recent reviews of research evidence and discussions by a reconstituted Editorial Group, has been inserted in a larger font size (12 point as opposed to 10 point) so that it can be distinguished from earlier text. In the original guidance references were given at the end of each section, these have been retained in this document. For the updated material footnotes have been used throughout the text to avoid confusion....

8/30/2018 2:01:56 AM +00:00

Pesticide Residues in Food and Cancer Risk: A Critical Analysis

The additional material includes a new Background section, intended to provide a broad overview of breast cancer for non-clinicians; a new Topic 1, Primary care and the management of women at high risk; and a new Topic 8, Management of advanced, recurrent and metastatic disease. The topic areas and numbers therefore differ from the original Manual. Material in the Evidence sections of the topic areas is based on systematic reviews of research evidence carried out by the NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. The Research Evidence for the Manual Update provides a summary of these systematic reviews. It is available on the accompanying CD-rom or to purchase as...

8/30/2018 2:01:56 AM +00:00

Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 2007

The Background section is based on neither a systematic review nor comprehensive literature searches. Some of the Evidence in smaller type may now be out of date. Where possible, information included in the previous Manual based on on-going reviews has been replaced by more recent material. Evidence is graded A (derived from randomised controlled trials - RCTs), B (observational studies) and C (professional consensus). These are broad categories and the quality of evidence within each category varies widely. Thus it should not be assumed that RCT evidence (grade A) is always more reliable than evidence from observational studies (grade B)....

8/30/2018 2:01:56 AM +00:00

Guidance on Cancer Services Improving Outcomes in Breast Cancer

The risk of breast cancer is affected by lifestyle. Obesity is associated with a two-fold increase in risk among post-menopausal women; this has been linked with high intake of meat and dairy fat, but the precise nature of these relationships are still unclear. Regular alcohol consumption (two or more drinks per day) increases risk by about 40%. As with many other forms of cancer, eating more vegetables can reduce risk. Physical activity also seems to reduces risk (in pre- menopausal women, at least), and more intensive activity may produce greater benefits, although this is not yet certain. It seems, therefore, that there is scope for primary prevention, and intervention studies are in progress....

8/30/2018 2:01:56 AM +00:00

ADOLESCENT SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH IN CANADA: A REPORT CARD IN 2004

It has been known for over 100 years that providing healthy food and social support at school is one method of improving attendance and enabling young people from disadvantaged backgrounds to benefit from the education provided. Healthy young people who attend school tend to learn better and good education leads to healthier people. Sometimes the difference between cause and effect may not be clear. Moreover, there may be intermediate factors or more complex routes, such as good education leading to better economic development, which may result in people having more control over their lives and thus experiencing better health. We...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

National Women’s Health Report: Midlife Women & Sexual Health

Both the education and health sectors have a common goal to provide opportunities for students to be more empowered about health and related issues as they go through school. This need for partnerships and a collaborative approach involving the education and health sectors in school health promotion is universal, and there are indications that it is now being addressed in many parts of the world. This is exemplified in “Case Studies in Global School Health Promotion” in which a wide range of quality case studies from Africa, the Americas, Europe, the Eastern Mediterranean, Asia and the Western Pacific are...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

A Community of Practice Approach for Aboriginal Girls’ Sexual Health Education

This is not to say that a topic approach has no place in school health education or in the promotion of health in schools. It is an argument for making sure that if a topic is being explored, that possible connections are made to other topics in the classroom and in the wider life of the school. This can enable students to consider the issue in the reality of the social and environmental contexts of their lives. There are uniting themes that can cut across topics at a theoretical and pedagogical level. The life skills and competencies, which...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

Open Hearing: Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the Pacific

This is an argument for being cautious about interpreting the results on topic based studies as the research on whole-school approaches, while less comprehensive to date, is very promising in that it suggests that a whole-school approach is more likely to be effective than a classroom-only approach in terms of a range of outcomes. There is clearly a need for more research on whole-school approaches to help us understand how this works and why it may be the case. However, there is associated research in the field of effective schools (not specific to health) that may help us to understand...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

Guidelines for the appointment of General Practitioners with Special Interests in the Delivery of Clinical Services

There are many resources available to assist school staff and their partners in the health and education sectors to plan, implement, and evaluate school health initiatives. These are in the form of evidence-based guidelines, surveillance tools, assessment approaches, etcetera. Many of these resources can be found on the websites of international organizations, as well as those country and regional agencies and organizations (e.g. health and education ministries and non government organizations) with responsibilities for promoting the health and educational outcomes of young people. A number of these are identified in the References section. Additional resources can be located...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

Socio-demographic characteristics and sexual health related attitudes and practices of men having sex with men in central and southern Malawi

The details of the service depend entirely on the location and type of service offered as listed above. Services may, for example, be located within a primary, secondary or non-statutory service, be direct access or through appointment, targeted or universal, gender or sexual orientation specific. The service configuration will depend on the needs of the PCO and other local factors. In all GPwSI services the caseload should be sufficient such that the GPwSI is able to exercise their generic skills and deal with the physical, psychological and social aspects of disease. The GPwSI should be able to demonstrate that their skills are actively used and audited, including evidence of...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

Healthy Relationships Sexual and Reproductive Health

Sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) is a phrase used to encompass fundamental human rights relating to people’s sexual and reproductive health, as well as services that are required to ensure that all people can fully realise these rights. Such services encompass, but are not limited to: family planning services, including a comprehensive range of contraceptives, commodities and information, education and counselling services on sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and responsible parenting; pre- and postnatal care services, including safe delivery services and education; infertility services; safe abortion services (where legal) and post abortion care services; treatment of reproductive tract...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

PROMOTING HEALTH IN SCHOOLS ROM EVIDENCE TO ACTION

The unmet need for family planning refers to the percentage of women between the ages of 15-49 who are married or in a union, and who do not want another birth, but are not using contraception. There is a great need to increase adolescent’s access to comprehensive, age-appropriate family planning services and information in the Pacific. Available data indicates that between 11% and 52% of Pacific women between 15-19 years old who are married or are in civil unions have an unmet need for family planning. Less than 20% of girls aged 15-19 and less than half of adolescent boys...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

Using New Media to Promote Adolescent Sexual Health: Examples from the Field

As a Pacific nation, New Zealand’s close geographic proximity and strong economic and cultural ties with other Pacific countries further underscores the importance of supporting positive change in this region. The New Zealand Aid Programme focuses on areas and activities where New Zealand’s development assistance can have the most positive impact, and over half of New Zealand’s total aid goes to this region. One of the stated health priorities of the New Zealand Aid Programme is sexual and reproductive health. Further, due to the financial crisis, a range of international donors active in the Pacific and which support SRHR, have...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

Powerful Sex Foods and Stimulants Improve Your Sexual Health Without Harmful Side Effects or Outrageous Costs

Adolescent fertility rates are high in many Pacific countries, with little decline in the past decade. For example, between 8-26% of girls aged 15-19 who are married or in civil unions have already started childbearing, and 17 and 62% of recent births were unplanned. This reflects that adolescent pregnancy in the Pacific often occurs outside of marriage and is commonly unintended. Adolescent girls who become pregnant are at an increased risk of physical or mental abuse and are often less able to complete their education, find employment and therefore more likely to remain in poverty. Teenage pregnancy is linked...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00

ORIGINAL RESEARCH—INTERSEX AND GENDER IDENTITY DISORDERS

Pacific country populations remain highly vulnerable to HIV infection due to, small highly mobile populations, high rates of STIs and high rates of at risk sexual behaviour. There have been approximately 30,000 reported cases of people living with HIV in the Pacific, but this figure is under-representative due to limited surveillance capacity across the region. Notably, cases from Papua New Guinea make up a significant majority of the total cases detected in the Pacific—from 21% in 1989 to over 99% in 2008. Condoms are a core method of family planning and are the only form of contraception that can effectively...

8/30/2018 2:01:55 AM +00:00