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SYNTHETIC MULTIVALENT MOLECULES. This book presents basic and advanced principles underlying the multivalent interactions that are prevalent in biological systems. To illustrate important or complex concepts, the book provides up-to-date examples of synthetic multivalent molecules, their design, and their biological benefits. Functional roles displayed by such molecules of both natural and synthetic origin are well documented in biology, where they exert unique and crucial activities at a level not readily achievable by monovalent molecules. The concept of multivalent design is now accepted as an e¤ective strategy—in particular, for designing ligands, inhibitors, and drugs that influence biological systems potently and selectively..... Cũng như các thư viện tài liệu khác được bạn đọc giới thiệu hoặc do sưu tầm lại và chia sẽ lại cho các bạn với mục đích nâng cao trí thức , chúng tôi không thu phí từ người dùng ,nếu phát hiện tài liệu phi phạm bản quyền hoặc vi phạm pháp luật xin thông báo cho website ,Ngoài tài liệu này, bạn có thể download bài giảng miễn phí phục vụ nghiên cứu Vài tài liệu tải về mất font không hiển thị đúng, nguyên nhân máy tính bạn không hỗ trợ font củ, bạn tải các font .vntime củ về cài sẽ xem được.

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SYNTHETIC MULTIVALENT MOLECULES SYNTHETIC MULTIVALENT MOLECULES Concepts and Biomedical Applications SEOK-KI CHOI A JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC., PUBLICATION Copyright 6 2004 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. Published simultaneously in Canada. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-646-8600, fax 978-750-4470, or on the web at Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best e¤orts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales representatives or written sales materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation. You should consult with a professional where appropriate. Neither the publisher nor author shall be liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages. For general information on our other products and services please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at 877-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317-572-3993 or fax 317-572-4002. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print, however, may not be available in electronic format. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Choi, Seok-ki, 1964– Synthetic multivalent molecules : concepts and biomedical applications / Seok-ki Choi. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 0-471-56347-1 (cloth) 1. Multivalent molecules—Synthesis. 2. Multivalent molecules—Design. 3. Multivalent molecules—Physiological e¤ect. I. Title. RS431.M84 C48 2004 6150.31—dc22 2003020808 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 CONTENTS Preface xix Notes for Organization and Classification xxi Abbreviations xxiii 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Nomenclature and Definitions, 1 1.1.1 Valency, 1 1.1.2 Linkers, 3 1.1.3 Sca¤olds, 4 1.1.4 Ligand Density, 7 1.1.5 Homo- and Heterovalent Molecules, 7 1.2 Mechanistic Aspects of Multivalent Interaction, 9 1.2.1 A‰nity Constant and Avidity, 9 1.2.2 Thermodynamics, 12 1.2.3 Kinetics, 18 1.2.4 Steric E¤ects, 19 1.3 Biological Roles of Multivalent Ligands, 20 2 Multivalent Molecules Applied to Viral Targets 23 2.1 Influenza Virus, 23 2.1.1 Hemagglutinin, 23 Divalent Sialic Acid, 23 Tetravalent Sialoside, 26 Dendrimers Presenting Sialosides, 26 v ... - 667872