Community Participation and Geographic Information Systems

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Community Participation and Geographic Information Systems. It is now almost 40 years since Roger Tomlinson coined the term geographic information system (GIS), and led the development of the world’s first, the Canada Geographic Information System (CGIS), in the mid-1960s (for a history of GIS see Foresman 1998). Today’s technology would be almost unrecognizable to the pioneers of the 1960s, not only because of the almost unbelievable advances in information technology (IT) that have occurred since then, but also because of dramatic changes in the functionality, appearance, use, and societal context of GIS. This book addresses one of the most recent manifestations of those changes, the developing use of GIS by grassroots community organizations, and participation.... Cũng như các giáo án bài giảng khác được bạn đọc chia sẽ hoặc do tìm kiếm lại và giới thiệu lại cho các bạn với mục đích học tập , chúng tôi không thu tiền từ người dùng ,nếu phát hiện tài liệu phi phạm bản quyền hoặc vi phạm pháp luật xin thông báo cho website ,Ngoài thư viện tài liệu này, bạn có thể download bài giảng,luận văn mẫu phục vụ học tập Một ít tài liệu tải về mất font không xem được, thì do máy tính bạn không hỗ trợ font củ, bạn download các font .vntime củ về cài sẽ xem được.

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Community Participation and Geographic Information Systems © 2002 Taylor & Francis Community Participation and Geographic Information Systems Edited by William J. Craig, Trevor M. Harris and Daniel Weiner London and New York © 2002 Taylor & Francis First published 2002 by Taylor & Francis 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Taylor & Francis Inc, 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001 Taylor & Francis is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group © 2002 Taylor & Francis Typeset in Sabon by Integra Software Services Pvt. Ltd, Pondicherry, India Printed and bound in Great Britain by The Cromwell Press, Trowbridge, Wiltshire All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. Every effort has been made to ensure that the advice and information in this book is true and accurate at the time of going to press. However, neither the publisher nor the authors can accept any legal responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions that may be made. In the case of drug administration, any medical procedure or the use of technical equipment mentioned within this book, you are strongly advised to consult the manufacturer’s guidelines. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Community participation and geographic information systems/[edited by] William J. Craig, Trevor M. Harris and Daniel Weiner. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. ). 1. Geographic information systems–Social aspects. 2. Geographic information systems–Citizen participation. I. Craig, William J. II. Harris, Trevor M. III. Weiner, Daniel. G70.212.C65 2002 910´.285–dc21 2001053008 ISBN 0415–23752–1 © 2002 Taylor & Francis Contents List of figures ix List of tables xiii List of contributors xv Foreword xix Acknowledgements xxv PART I Introduction 1 1 Community participation and geographic information systems 3 DANIEL WEINER, TREVOR M. HARRIS AND WILLIAM J. CRAIG 2 Surveying the extent of PPGIS practice in the United States 17 DAVID S. SAWICKI AND DAVID RANDALL PETERMAN 3 Models for making GIS available to community organizations: dimensions of difference and appropriateness 37 HELGA LEITNER, ROBERT B. McMASTER, SARAH ELWOOD, SUSANNA McMASTER AND ERIC SHEPPARD PART II PPGIS case studies 53 Inner City 4 A voice that could not be ignored: community GIS and gentrification battles in San Francisco 55 CHERYL PARKER AND AMELITA PASCUAL © 2002 Taylor & Francis vi Contents 5 Mapping Philadelphia’s neighbourhoods 65 LIZA CASEY AND TOM PEDERSON 6 The impacts of GIS use for neighbourhood revitalization in Minneapolis 77 SARAH ELWOOD 7 The Atlanta Project: reflections on PPGIS practice 89 DAVID S. SAWICKI AND PATRICK BURKE Planning 8 Web-based PPGIS in the United Kingdom 101 RICHARD KINGSTON 9 GIS-enhanced land-use planning 113 STEPHEN J. VENTURA, BERNARD J. NIEMANN, JR., TODD L. SUTPHIN AND RICHARD E. CHENOWETH 10 Portland Metro’s dream for public involvement 125 MARK BOSWORTH, JOHN DONOVAN AND PAUL COUEY 11 A community-based and collaborative GIS joint venture in rural Australia 137 DANIEL H. WALKER, ANNE M. LEITCH, RAYMOND DE LAI, ALISON COTTRELL, ANDREW K. L. JOHNSON AND DAVID PULLAR Environmental Management 12 Geographic information systems in the environmental movement 153 RENÉE E. SIEBER 13 There must be a catch: participatory GIS in a Newfoundland fishing community 173 PAUL MACNAB 14 Environmental NGOs and community access to technology as a force for change 192 DAVID L. TULLOCH © 2002 Taylor & Francis ... - 658596

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